Home Language Learning The way to Inform Time in Spanish: The Final Newbie’s Information

The way to Inform Time in Spanish: The Final Newbie’s Information

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The way to Inform Time in Spanish: The Final Newbie’s Information

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how to tell time in spanish

Despite the fact that it’s a really helpful talent and wonderful apply of numbers, studying how one can inform time (la hora) in Spanish is typically skipped by self-learners and courses.

On this put up, we’ll educate you a lot time-related phrases and vocabulary to speak successfully while you’re llegando tarde (working late) or de camino (on the best way). 

Contents

The Fundamentals of Telling Time in Spanish

There are three important methods to ask for the time in Spanish:

¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?)

¿Qué horas son? (What time is it?)

¿Tiene(s) la hora? (Do you could have the time?)

Word that ¿Qué hora es? is the most typical method to ask.

Then to inform somebody what the time is, you’ll have to observe this formulation:

Es/Son + la/las + [hour].

So if the time simply occurs to be on the hour, you may say:

And if you want to assessment your numbers, you are able to do that right here

Now let’s take a deeper have a look at the elements of this formulation:

  • Use ser, not estar. Although it might be counterintuitive, we at all times use ser to inform the time, not estar. Apparently, time is a everlasting entity and due to this fact doesn’t wish to be described utilizing estar, which suggests temporariness.
  • Singular versus plural. We truly solely use es for one o’clock and all instances between 1:00 and 1:59: it’s because one hour is singular. Use son for 2 o’clock and past.
  • Time is female. That’s why we are saying, “Son las seis” (It’s six o’clock), for instance. As a result of time is female, you must at all times use las and la to explain time, by no means el or los.

Half Previous and Quarter Previous/to in Spanish 

Now that you simply’ve acquired the fundamentals of telling the time when the clock strikes 5 (son las cinco), seven (son las siete) and eleven (son las as soon as), you’ll be able to transfer on to what occurs when it’s half previous, quarter previous and quarter to the hour.

To say that it’s half previous the hour, use this formulation:

Es/Son + [the hour] y media/treinta.

Discover that it’s not y medio since hora is female.

To say that it’s quarter previous the hour, use this:

Es/Son + [the hour] y cuarto/quince.

Word that cuarto does finish in o as a result of it means “quarter” and the phrase is masculine.

When you get previous the 30-minute mark, you want to use menos or para and seek advice from the hour that’s approaching, similar to while you use “quarter to” in English:

Es/Son + [the hour approaching] + menos cuarto.

Es/Son + quarto + para + [the hour approaching].

Let’s have a look at some examples:

Including Minutes in Spanish Time

To say any time between the hour and half previous, this formulation is the most typical:

Es/Son + [the hour] + [number of minutes past the hour].

You may also inform the time with completely different prepositions within the following formulation, nonetheless they’re barely much less frequent:

Es/Son + [the hour] + y + [number of minutes past the hour].

Es/Son + [the hour] + con + [number of minutes past the hour].

Utilizing Menos and Para in Spanish Time

In English, while you get to the second half of the hour on an analog clock, you can begin telling the time by how lengthy is left till the subsequent hour.

It’s fairly forward-thinking if you consider it.

Spanish is sort of the identical as English in regard to this. We’ve additionally already seen an instance of this with menos cuarto/cuarto para.

Right here’s the formulation for telling time with menos:

Es/Son + [the hour approaching] + menos + [minutes to the hour].

The formulation for utilizing para is comparable, nonetheless we swap the hour approaching and the minutes to the hour:

Es/Son + [minutes to the hour] + para + [the hour approaching].

Spanish Vocabulary for Telling Time

Spanish English Instance
En punto Precisely, sharp Nos encontramos a las ocho en punto.
(We’re assembly at eight o’clock sharp.)
Mediodía Noon Dormió hasta mediodía el domingo.
(She slept till noon on Sunday.)
Medianoche Midnight Llegué de trabajar a medianoche.
(I acquired again from work at midnight.)
La madrugada Early morning, very first thing within the morning Me desperté en la madrugada por la lluvia.
(I awakened very first thing within the morning due to the rain.)
El amanecer Daybreak, dawn Me encanta ver el amanecer solo.
(I really like watching the dawn alone.)
De la tarde Within the afternoon Son las seis de la tarde.
(It is 6 o’clock within the afternoon.)
De la mañana Within the morning El sol de la mañana es muy lindo.
(The solar within the morning is basically fairly.)
La semana pasada Final week Fui a ver mis papás la semana pasada.
(I went to see my mother and father final week.)
El mes pasado Final month El mes pasado cumplí veintinueve años.
(Final month I turned 29.)
El año pasado Final 12 months Empecé a aprender francés el año pasado.
(I began studying French final 12 months.)
Ayer Yesterday Ayer me contó que puede venir hoy.
(Yesterday she instructed me she will come at the moment.)
Anteayer The day earlier than yesterday Se fue anteayer con su amigo.
(He left the day earlier than yesterday together with his good friend.)
Mañana Tomorrow Vienes mañana, ¿cierto?
(You are coming tomorrow, proper?)
Pasado mañana The day after tomorrow Se supone que pasado mañana habrá tormenta.
(Apparently the day after tomorrow there’s going to be a storm.)
Fin de semana Weekend Este fin de semana no voy a hacer nada.
(This weekend I am not going to do something.)
Finde Weekend (quick manner of claiming fin de semana) ¿Qué haces en el finde, estás ocupado?
(What are you doing on the weekend, are you free?)
Día por medio Each different day Tomo clases de baile día por medio.
(I take dance courses each different day.)
Semana por medio Each different week Este gato me viene a visitar semana por medio.
(This cat comes to go to me each different week.)
Mes por medio Each different month Me pide dinero mes por medio, estoy harta.
(He asks me for cash each different month, I am sick of it.)
Año por medio Each different 12 months Vamos de vacaciones año por medio si es que podemos.
(We go on trip each different 12 months if we will.)


Time Telling Quiz

Write these instances in Spanish:

1. 1:05

2. 3:55

3. 11:15

4. 9:30

5. 9:00

6. 5:45

7. 6:50

Reply Key:

1. Es la una cinco.

2. Son las tres cincuenta y cinco. / Son las cuatro menos cinco. / Son cinco para las cuatro.

3. Son las as soon as y cuarto/quince.

4. Son las nueve y media/treinta.

5. Son las nueve.

6. Son las cinco cuarenta y cinco. / Son las seis menos cuarto. / Son quarto para las seis.

7. Son las seis cincuenta. / Son las siete menos diez. / Son diez para las siete.

The way to Observe Telling Time in Spanish

  • Use on-line video games. You possibly can check your self utilizing this on-line recreation—or with this one or this one, that are time-telling video games of varied ranges with evaluations to check your newly discovered abilities.
  • Ask your Spanish-speaking pals to check you. To apply beforehand, strive listening to Spanish podcasts or watching some Spanish movies. The language studying program FluentU truly has genuine media clips—protecting every little thing from telenovelas (cleaning soap operas) to information stories—with interactive subtitles that present you the way native audio system naturally talk time (amongst different issues).

  • Combine time telling into your common life. Each time you have a look at your watch, telephone or pill in your regular English-speaking life, you might say the time aloud in Spanish. You might even arrange an alert in your telephone to remind you to do that, maybe asking “¿Qué hora es?” till you get into the behavior of doing this frequently. A extra low-tech model of this is able to be to place a sticky word subsequent to your alarm clock.
  • If somebody asks for the time, say it in each languages. Warning: this one possibly is finest finished with shut pals, as strangers on the bus may not admire your bilingual time-telling abilities!

 

So there you could have it. Now you understand how to inform the time in Spanish! Give it a whirl instantly: what time is it now?

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