Home Korean Language The right way to Begin Talking Korean: The Definitive 11-Week Information to Success

The right way to Begin Talking Korean: The Definitive 11-Week Information to Success

The right way to Begin Talking Korean: The Definitive 11-Week Information to Success


how to speak korean

Able to dash by way of the Korean language?

Then prepare for this fast however intensive experience.

On this plan, I lay out an in depth 11-week Korean examine agenda, which incorporates specifics on what to be taught and how one can observe. That is focused for avid self-learners who’re desirous to get going and soar into the improbable realm that’s the Korean language. 

11 weeks is roughly over half the size of 1 school semester, so inside that time-frame, you may garner numerous data and abilities.

Granted, 11 weeks received’t be sufficient so that you can obtain absolute Korean fluency, however it will possibly actually provide the time and house to construct a stable basis within the language.


Week 1: Pave Your Korean Studying Path

However maintain your horses! Earlier than you go operating off into the sundown, you might want to do a little bit of planning first.

Work out your targets

First issues first: why are you studying Korean?

Maybe you’re trying to conduct enterprise with Korean companions.

Perhaps you’re knee-deep within the Okay-pop fandom and need to perceive your favourite catchy tunes.

Or perhaps you simply suppose the language is cool (it’s!) and need to add it to your lingual repertoire.

No matter your causes, understanding the “why” of your research will assist to offer motivation all through your research. Contemplate your motives because the rock that can floor you even when studying can get a bit powerful.

Choose a schedule

Having a constant agenda is half the battle on the subject of self-studying. With out a concrete plan of motion, issues can crumble in a short time.

I used to make the error of pondering that longer examine occasions equaled extra studying. What truly occurred was that I obtained burnt out and demotivated very early within the recreation.

It’s extra important that the time is measured sufficient to be productive however tolerable.

It’s best to ideally have room for a each day Korean examine session. Be sure that it’s affordable sufficient to do two issues: be lengthy sufficient so as to be taught sufficient new issues, and be snug sufficient that it received’t add stress to your different on a regular basis duties.

Attempt to preserve the time constant for each when and the way lengthy you examine. This could make issues really feel extra official and also you’d be ready for the second in your day strictly devoted to your Korean research.

Collect your assets

There’s no finish to the out there Korean examine instruments which you can simply entry. However navigating by way of all of them can show to be a difficult activity, one which shouldn’t intrude in the course of the weeks you’re actively studying Korean.

Get forward of the sport and stockpile your studying assets. You don’t need to go nuts and collect all the pieces you may, however do accumulate sufficient complete ones to maintain you occupied for the approaching weeks.

At this level, concentrate on the sorts of assets you sometimes favor for learning.

It’s possible you’ll like the normal strategy and accept the reliable Korean textbooks and workbooks.

When you’re into digital studying, it’s possible you’ll go for nifty Korean studying web sites or handy Korean language-learning apps.

Week 2: Prepare Your Ear and Mouth to Korean Sounds

Earlier than something, it’s important to change into accustomed to Korean letters and phonetics.

Grasp the Korean alphabet

The Korean alphabet, often known as Hangul, consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels.

Traditionally, it was made by the demand of a Korean king, King Sejong the Nice, who wished to create a writing system that was readily accessible to commoners. Previous to the conception of Hangul, just a few privileged of us might write in Korean society, and that was with Chinese language characters!

The alphabet consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Korean syllables are made by completely different combos of consonants and vowels. A single syllable can due to this fact include a number of particular person letters, like constructing blocks.

So, for instance, Hangul in Korean is 한글. There are two syllables, thus two blocks. Each of those blocks include two consonants and one vowel, respectively.

Be sure you spend loads of time studying how these combos work!

Apply double consonant pronunciation

I’ve had many mates be taught Korean who had a specific quantity of hassle understanding Korean double consonants. I don’t blame them, as a result of saying them can require a sure form of mouth work unfamiliar to non-Koreans.

There are 5 in complete: ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ, and ㅉ. To pronounce them accurately, you’ll need to take the sound of the only consonant, however put extra emphasis by tensing up your tongue.

Let’s take ㄸ for instance. Try to pronounce ㄷ however with extra energy, virtually as for those who’re flicking it between your tooth. The ensuing sound is commonly transliterated as dd or tt, however in actuality, it’s considerably in between the 2.

Don’t fear an excessive amount of about accent

It’s best to actually take a while to observe saying Korean letters. However at this level, don’t fear about sounding 100% like a local speaker.

It’s a standard hang-up for learners, however at this level, it’s a bit too early to fret about that.

It’s extra essential that you just’re in a position to acknowledge and articulate (to affordable accuracy) the phonetics of Korean. That’s, while you’re listening to a Korean speaker, you need to have the ability to parse out the sounds.

Rather a lot goes into “sounding Korean.” For instance, Korean isn’t a tonal language, by which your tone of speech can change the which means of what’s stated. It’s syllable-timed and thus phrases can sound considerably flat and fast.

Information and expertise of Korean accent issues will come over time, so don’t stress about sounding utterly appropriate.

Sensible immersion suggestions

Incessantly listening to Korean audio shall be among the finest methods to coach your ears and mouth to the language. Korean music, podcasts, radio and even audiobooks are improbable and available decisions.

Don’t fear about understanding all the pieces you hear—that comes later!

For enjoyable, you also needs to attempt to transliterate English phrases into Korean letters. I personally did this typically when my mates would request I write their English names into Korean, akin to Annie into 애니 or Brian into 브라이언. That is nice for working towards Hangul and getting a very good grip on the alphabet and phonetics.

Week 3: Study Your Korean 1-2-3s

Now we’re transferring on to precise Korean phrases, and we’ll begin first with numbers.

The Korean language has two quantity methods: the Sino-Korean system (based mostly on Chinese language numerals) and the Native Korean system.

Begin with the Native Korean quantity system

I like to recommend you begin with these numbers first, since they’re fairly simple and used for common counting. You’d use them while you need to observe what number of there are of one thing.

For instance, to say issues akin to “three apples,” “65 college students,” “32 absences” and so forth.

Different situations by which you’d use native Korean numbers can be with describing age and the hour (however not the minutes) of the time.

Essential to notice is that the native Korean numbers don’t embrace zero and don’t go above 99. On the 100 mark and past, you progress on to the Sino-Korean system.

Listed here are numbers one by way of 10:

  • 하나 (ha-na) — one
  • (dul) — two
  • (set) — three
  • (internet) — 4
  • 다섯 (da-sut) — 5
  • 여섯 (yuh-sut) — six
  • 일곱 (il-gop) — seven
  • 여덟 (yuh-dulp) — eight
  • 아홉 (ah-hop) — 9
  • (yuhl) — ten

Native Korean numbers observe a sample that’s simple to be taught as soon as you recognize numbers one by way of 10. After that, you’ll have some extra numbers to be taught.

Spend a bit extra time studying the Sino-Korean quantity system

Using Chinese language numerals stems from the prolonged historical past of Chinese language affect on the peninsula.

As talked about earlier, the Sino-Korean numbers are mechanically used for zero and numbers 100 and up. Nevertheless, they’re additionally used for dates, telephone numbers, cash, and the minutes of time.

Listed here are numbers zero by way of 10 in Sino-Korean:

  •   (yung) / (gohng) — zero
  • (il) — one
  • (ee) — two
  • (sahm) — three
  • (sa) — 4
  • (o) — 5
  • (yook) — six
  • (chil) — seven
  • (pahl) — eight
  • (gu) — 9
  • (ship) — ten

Basically, Sino-Korean numbers are used extra steadily than native Korean numbers. So for those who had been to actually concentrate on both of the 2 quantity methods, I’d counsel you spend a bit extra time with the Sino-Korean one.

Sensible immersion suggestions

Begin implementing Korean numbers in your each day actions that contain counting and the like. This could embrace grocery lists, cash counting, time scheduling, exercise reps, and so forth.

Keep in mind to make the most of the fitting quantity system for the fitting context!

For Sino-Korean quantity observe, you too can attempt to make your personal Korean math issues. Begin with simple and elementary stuff first.

  • 더하기 (duh-ha-gi) — plus
  • 빼기 (bbae-gi) — minus
  • 곱하기 (go-pah-gi) — occasions
  • 나누기 (na-nu-gi) — divided by
  • (neun) / (eun) — equals, use 은 if final syllable is a consonant

An precise Korean math phrase is structured equally to 1 in English. So if you wish to say “two plus two” you’ll say “이 더하기 이는 사.”

Week 4: Stockpile Core Korean Vocabulary

Now that you just’re comparatively snug with numbers, it’s time to maneuver on to the meat of issues: precise Korean phrases!

Vocabulary, referred to as 어휘 (uh-hwee) in Korean, shall be the next step, and it’s advisable that you just put in a great deal of effort and time this week.

If you end up struggling, don’t fear. You don’t need to be taught the entire Korean dictionary in a single go.

Hone in on the most typical Korean phrases

There may be, in truth, a “proper order” to the phrases you be taught in a language.

Deal with essentially the most important vocabulary, akin to on a regular basis objects, fundamental verbs and adjectives. Consider the issues and themes that you just’d possible discuss each day—these are what you need to be taught the Korean phrases for.

In any case, whereas it might be spectacular so that you can showcase your data of house terminology to a Korean native, you wouldn’t have the ability to strike up a lot informal discuss with simply that.

That will help you with this, you may make the most of Korean phrase lists which you can simply discover on-line. Search for the phrase lists which might be named one thing like “prime 100” or “most typical.” These are sure to offer each elementary and essential vocabulary that you need to be taught immediately.

Keep in mind to talk phrases out loud whereas studying them

Don’t neglect that you just shouldn’t simply let your eyes and palms do all of the work when studying and writing Korean phrases. You need to be actively understanding your jowls and working towards your pronunciation continuous.

It’s widespread to neglect this, particularly for self-learners. However bear in mind, you’re aiming to really converse Korean. The occasional mutter beneath your breath and psychological verbalizing received’t be sufficient for pronunciation observe.

Sensible immersion suggestions

An effective way to observe is by labeling gadgets round your home in Korean. Replenish on sticky notes and plaster them round. Retaining them on and having the ability to see them on a regular basis will assist to bolster your reminiscence of the phrases.

Flashcards are additionally a nifty vocabulary examine instrument which you can simply make and carry round. You may select to craft them manually on paper or digitally with flashcard apps. Flip by way of decks throughout examine periods or at any time when you could have a couple of minutes to spare.

One tip I extremely suggest above all is to preserve a Korean dictionary helpful, ideally a digital one, so as to search for any phrase on the go. Everytime you really feel the urge to be taught a brand new phrase, simply whip out your dictionary and get a translation on the spot!

Week 5: Study Korean Greetings and Introductions

Weeks 5-7 will concentrate on precise Korean phrases and sentences. Hopefully, you’ll be using the core vocabulary you’ve discovered within the week prior. 

Let’s begin with the important greetings.

That is the time to be taught your hey’s, how are you’s, goodbye’s and “My identify is.” Even for those who don’t know a lot Korean, native audio system can nonetheless admire a fast fundamental greeting while you first meet them.

Right here’s a fundamental record of just some Korean greetings to get you began:

  • 안녕하세요 (ahn-nyung-ha-se-yo) — Whats up (can be utilized for many conditions)
  • 제 이름은 ___ (jeh ee-reu-meun ___) — My identify is ___
  • 여보세요 (yuh-bo-se-yo) — Whats up (on the telephone)
  • 좋은 아침이에요 (jo-eun ah-chi-mee-eh-yo) — Good morning (lit. It’s a very good morning)
  • 안녕히 주무세요 (ahn-nyung-hee ju-mu-se-yo) — Good night time (lit. Sleep properly)
  • 어떻게 지내세요? (uh-tteoh-keh jee-neh-se-yo) — How are you?
  • 안녕히 계세요 (ahn-nyung-hee ge-se-yo) — Goodbye (while you’re leaving and your dialog associate is staying)
  • 안녕히 가세요 (ahn-nyung-hee ga-se-yo) — Goodbye (when your dialog associate is leaving)

There are solely so many important greetings to be taught, so this week shouldn’t be too troublesome. When you discover that you just’ve comfortably discovered a very good variety of them, be happy to construct up in your vocabulary stockpile.

Greetings are gestures of courtesy

Do not forget that, like in most cultures, greetings are a gesture of courtesy for Koreans. Forgetting to say them, particularly to these older than you, might be instantly observed.

I bear in mind my very own experiences by which my dad and mom would make sure that I’d be dragged out of my cozy quarters, irrespective of if I had been busy, sleeping or simply unwilling to make social contact, to supply a fast bow and “안녕히 가세요” to a departing visitor.

Yup, it’s actually that large a deal.

Greetings are additionally commonplace (and anticipated) while you’re a newcomer to an institution, whether or not it’s a brand new office or an residence constructing with next-door neighbors.

Sensible immersion suggestions

Greetings are one of many best issues to observe, and I extremely counsel that you just observe them with any Korean of us round you.

They don’t even need to be your pals. They are often retailer house owners or your neighbors.

Merely give them a fast greeting whilst you’re passing by. The great factor about greetings is that they are often left at simply that—there’s no want to interact in a protracted dialog after you simply supply a fast “Whats up.”

It’s additionally a very good likelihood so that you can work on constructing your confidence in truly talking Korean to others. Don’t be shy and provides it a go! In my expertise, many native audio system (particularly older of us) are likely to get pleasure from listening to non-natives attempting out their language!

Week 6: Transfer On to Primary Dialog Expressions

With greetings out of the best way, transfer up a step and begin studying some important Korean conversational phrases. Mainly, what would you say after you greet somebody?

  • __주세요 (__  ju-se-yo) — Please give me ___
  • 얼마예요? (uhl-ma-eh-yo) — How a lot is it?
  • 괜찮아요 (gwaen-cha-nah-yo) — It’s okay
  • 만나서 반갑습니다 (mahn-na-suh bahn-gap-seum-ni-da) — Good to satisfy you
  • 오늘 날씨가 좋네요 (o-neul nahl-ssi-ga jon-ne-yo) — It’s good climate at present
  • 해야 할 일이 있어요 (heh-ya hal ih-ree ee-ssuh-yo) — I’ve to do one thing

By studying phrases akin to these, you’re regularly bettering your capability to handle a chat in Korean. That is the last word goalpost you’re in all probability in search of, so do spend as a lot effort as wanted to be taught an honest variety of phrases!

Study what every phrase means in a phrase

Everytime you be taught a brand new phrase, parse every phrase out so that you just perceive every factor. Separate the phrase into nouns, adjectives, verbs and so forth.

As fundamental because it sounds, it’s truly one thing that language learners can neglect to do.

I’ve seen language learners (together with myself) be taught whole sentences and their meanings as some consummate inseparable complete, with out doing the work of really dissecting them into comprehensible chunks.

This behavior can result in some pitfalls down the street, and studying longer and extra sophisticated phrases can’t be achieved in such a trend.

The Korean language is sort of easy, so this activity shouldn’t be too exhausting. With this, you’re reinforcing your data and storing away particular person phrases which you can level out in several phrases and sentences.

Have a restrict to what number of phrases you be taught per session

I can think about that at this step, you’ll be trying to gobble down and memorize as many Korean phrases as you may abdomen all of sudden. The extra the merrier, proper?

Nicely, probably not.

In actual fact, attempting to abdomen a lot data directly could make you extra vulnerable to forgetting materials. Even scientific research counsel that there is usually a “proper time” to be taught and that spacing your studying materials out will result in higher recall.

So don’t attempt to be taught 100 phrases in a day!

Begin simple with a quantity you recognize you may deal with, and make sure that you just’re fairly assured with them earlier than you progress ahead. The Korean language received’t go anyplace, so there’s no have to push your self so exhausting.

Sensible immersion suggestions

In your private life, attempt to swap out any on a regular basis phrases you utilize with Korean alternate options. Ideally, you’d have a Korean-speaking pal with whom you may observe, however for those who don’t, then act out a dialog with your self.

Sure, it would look a bit foolish, however once more, it’s actually essential that the fabric you be taught is being manifested into one thing extra tangible.

Take it a step additional and file your self whilst you’re talking. The extra you vocalize and hearken to your self, the extra assured you’ll be while you use these phrases in real-life eventualities.

Week 7: Decide Up Informal Korean Lingo

Whereas it’s inspired that you just attempt to be taught customary Korean, it might be impractical to not be taught the widespread slang and expressions utilized by modern-day Koreans.

That is particularly the case if the majority of your Korean publicity comes from media sources. It’s just about inevitable that you just’d hear just a few idioms and informal jargon.

Listed here are just a few examples of the sort of language class:

  • 대박 (dae-bak) — That’s nuts / Whoa
  • 당근 (dang-geun) — After all (actually means “carrot”)
  • (huhl) — What (expression of disbelief)
  • 너 잘났다 (nuh jal-na-tta) — actually means “You had been born properly” however can be utilized sarcastically
  • 잼 /노잼 (jem / no-jem) — Enjoyable / No enjoyable, 잼 is the condensed type of 재미있다 (It’s enjoyable)

Total, it’s fairly a enjoyable expertise to be taught Korean slang!

However apart from serving to you keep hip and updated, I personally discover the informal nature of slang to make for good icebreakers while you’re round these with whom you may loosen up and hang around.

Be at liberty to check out the phrases you be taught, ideally along with your buddies or with those that are round your age.

Work out the “correct” Korean phrases behind slang phrases

Though it’s enjoyable and would possibly provide you with a cool edge, I don’t suppose you need to spend an excessive amount of time selecting up on all the fashionable language, since your major focus ought to nonetheless be on extra correct Korean.

When studying slang phrases and phrases, additionally be taught the place they’re derived from. Many occasions, Korean slang are condensed types of phrases that function “shortcuts.”

For instance, the time period 웃프다 (oot-peu-dah) is a mash of the person phrases 웃기다 (oot-ggi-da, “It’s humorous”) and 슬프다 (seul-peu-da, “It’s unhappy”). The ensuing 웃프다 can basically be used to explain one thing that’s each laughable but pitiful.

Slang is prolific in on-line conversations

It’s fairly important to know slang for those who ever need to converse Korean on-line, whether or not in textual content or speech.

Koreans are very into the social media house and on-line communications. In line with statistics, round 90% of the inhabitants use the Web.

One in all their largest social media and messaging instruments, KakaoTalk, has been lately measured to host a whopping 47 million lively South Korean customers.

When you’re utilizing on-line native Korean assets in any respect to your research, it’s extremely possible that you just’ll encounter slang in some type. With a purpose to keep away from confusion whilst you’re navigating web sites, it’s not a foul concept to select up just a few bits of slang.

You may additionally need to be taught just a few Korean textual content slang whilst you’re at it, so as to get some studying and writing observe.

Sensible immersion suggestions

If you wish to change into accustomed to informal Korean converse, I extremely suggest you watch Korean vlogs and skim Korean blogs.

These assets are crafted by actual native audio system and are sometimes meant to be informal, much less “formatted” content material.

Vloggers and bloggers need to hook up with their viewers, so that they’d typically undertake extra life like and real speech. That features on a regular basis slang and idioms.

Plus, vlogs and blogs may give you little peeks into the on a regular basis lifetime of Koreans and educate you bits of Korean tradition as properly!

Week 8: Research Up on Korean Grammar

I’ll provide you with time to groan about it, however sadly, you may’t actually keep away from grammar when studying any language. And at this level, you’ve already spent some time taking a look at loads of Korean sentences, so that you’ve in all probability observed just a few patterns at work.

Fortunately, the foundations of Korean sentence construction aren’t overly sophisticated. I’d say Korean grammar is much more constant and simple than English grammar.

Korean sentences sometimes observe a Topic-Object-Verb format

In English, our sentences sometimes make the most of a subject-verb-object order: “I eat cheese.”

Nevertheless, Korean sentences swap up the format a bit, to say one thing extra like “I cheese eat.” The Korean sentence for that, by the best way, can be 나는 치즈를 먹는다 (na-neun chi-jeu-reul mung-neun-da).

You’ve in all probability already realized this in your personal encounters with Korean sentences within the weeks prior, however reviewing the sentence construction at this level shall be useful. You probably would’ve observed some patterns for those who adopted my earlier suggestion to parse and dissect phrases.

Korean grammar doesn’t make the most of circumstances

In English, now we have three circumstances: subjective, goal and possessive. They describe a noun or pronoun as it really works with the remainder of the phrases in a sentence; altering circumstances often means a change within the type of the noun itself.

Korean grammar doesn’t concern itself with this enterprise. That already cuts down on a great deal of grammatical stress. As a substitute, they use one thing known as particles.

Particles are key for Korean grammar

Don’t be fooled by their identify as a result of particles play an enormous position in Korean sentences. Understanding essentially the most fundamental of Korean particles will allow you to perceive most phrases.

Functionally, particles are suffixes or attachments that observe nouns. They clarify what precisely the noun is doing throughout the framework of the sentence. With them, you don’t even have to fret about distinctive noun varieties such as you do in English.

Listed here are just a few examples of widespread Korean particles:

  • (eun) / (neun) — describe nouns which might be the first matter of the sentence
  • (ee) / (ga) — describe nouns which might be the topics of the sentence
  • (eul) / (reul) — describe nouns which might be the objects of the sentence

However there are numerous extra particles, together with those who work as conjunctions, possessives, plural objects and so forth.

Understanding particles shall be important to your understanding of Korean sentences, so at all times regulate them! 

Sensible immersion suggestions

Total, I counsel you to not fear an excessive amount of about studying all of the ins and outs of Korean grammar. It’s simply a kind of issues that can come naturally to you with extended publicity to the language.

However for the sake of observe, you may learn simple Korean texts, akin to quick tales and the like. They need to be easy sufficient so that you just’re in a position to learn them at an affordable degree of understanding. They’re additionally good instruments so that you can observe your vocabulary and increase your phrase financial institution as wanted.

Week 9: Begin Crafting Your Personal Korean Sentences

By this week, you’ve been uncovered to a very good variety of Korean phrases. The earlier week additionally would have set you up in understanding how sentences work and what parts are wanted to make them.

Now it’s time to start out making your personal!

Contemplate this week to be one in all observe fairly than studying new content material. It’s a very good time to place all the pieces you’ve discovered to this point to make use of.

On the similar time, you have to be increasing your publicity to Korean sentences normally. Learn extra Korean texts so that you just’re nonetheless working to bulk up your phrase financial institution and language data.

Deal with acquainted vocabulary when making sentences

Once more, begin simple and work with the phrases you already know. And once I say simple, I imply very simple, like these:

  • 나는 케이크를 좋아한다 (na-neun keh-ee-keu-reul joh-ah-hahn-da) — I like cake
  • 나는 학교에 갔다 (na-neun hak-gyo-eh gah-dda) — I went to high school
  • 오늘은 좋은 날이다 (o-neu-reun joh-eun nal-ee-da) — At the moment is an efficient day (or that the climate is ok)

Make your sentences quick and concise. Don’t fear about any fancy particulars. You need to be focusing virtually solely on utility and performance based mostly on the Korean you already know.

Sensible immersion suggestions

Retaining a Korean journal is a neat solution to observe writing Korean sentences. Doc your each day actions or ideas, or simply write random issues that zip by way of your mind.

Goal for no less than three to 5 sentences per day. Enhance to some paragraphs for those who really feel extra assured. For memorization functions, I additionally counsel that you just write down the identical sentence a number of occasions.

Week 10: Study How Etiquette Impacts Korean Speech

So now you’re gaining momentum in formulating your personal Korean sentences. It’s a very good time to be taught one other essential facet of the language: speech ranges.

I timed this matter to be close to the tip of the 11-week dash, primarily as a result of for a lot of learners, the main focus ought to usually be on just one formality degree. 

Why is it a giant deal? Nicely, all of it comes right down to etiquette.

Acknowledge the tiers of Korean formality

Politeness and respect are important to Korean tradition. Failing to specific the correct courtesy to the fitting people, whether or not forgetting to bow or neglecting to arrange a present, is usually a main no-no.

Etiquette in speech is most evident within the idea of speech ranges. Not utilizing the fitting speech degree can earn you just a few raised eyebrows or a stink-eye, or it will possibly result in some verbal reciprocation from significantly ticked-off people.

Basically, you be taught and use the “customary” speech degree that’s acceptable for many on a regular basis conditions. This degree is called 해요체 (hae-yo-chae) and is taken into account “informal formal.” It additionally works while you need to converse to acquaintances and people round your age.

It’s possible you’ll even be taught a little bit of 해라체 (hae-ra-chae), which is taken into account formal however not essentially respectful. In essence, it’s a “impartial” degree that you just’d see in Korean texts.

Right here’s a fast overview of some widespread Korean speech ranges:

  • 해체 (hae-chae) — casual, for mates
  • 해라체 (hae-ra-chae) — impartial, generally utilized in Korean written texts
  • 해요체 (hae-yo-chae) — informal formal, for common use, acquaintances and people round your age
  • 하십시오체 (ha-ship-shi-o-chae) — formal well mannered, for elders, information broadcasts, customer support

There are additionally, in fact, “rude” speech ranges, however you in all probability don’t need to be studying that.

Speech ranges make the most of completely different verb endings

So it’s possible you’ll be pondering, “Nicely, I do know I needs to be a sure degree of well mannered, however how can I verbally categorical it?”

Your politeness will come by way of along with your utilization of verb endings. Relying on what speech degree you’re utilizing, the verbs in your phrases may also make the most of particular suffixes.

Extra particularly, you’ll need to take the stem of the verb and connect it with an ending.

I’ll present you a comparability between two speech ranges.

For 해요체, you’ll make the most of “verb stem + -요” for many sentences. When you’re making a request or demand, you then’d make the most of “verb stem + -세요.”  For instance:

           괜찮으세요? (gwaen-chah-neu-se-yo) — Are you okay?

           말해 주세요 (mahl-heh ju-se-yo) — Inform me

For 하십시오체, which is formal well mannered, it’s a must to do some extra. You embrace ㅂ on the finish of the verb stem plus 니다. For requests or calls for, you utilize 니까.

           실례합니다 (shil-reh-ham-ni-da) — Excuse me

            바쁘십니까? (ba-bbeu-shim-ni-kka) — Are you busy?

Different speech ranges will make the most of their very own particular verb endings. It appears like loads to memorize, however you’re more likely to catch on to this idea rapidly for those who’re avidly exposing your self to the language.

Know the Korean honorifics

In essence, speech ranges contain using Korean honorifics and adjustments in verb endings. Honorifics are the titles that deal with your understanding of others’ social positions.

Listed here are just a few examples of Korean honorifics:

  • (shi) — Mr., Miss, Mrs., a comparatively generic “secure” honorific
  • (nim) — just like 씨  in which means, however a bit extra respectful
  • 선배 (sun-bae) — to your seniors, whether or not in work expertise or age
  • 오빠 (op-pa) — older brother, utilized by females
  • (hyung) — older brother, utilized by males
  • 누나 (nu-na) — older sister, utilized by males
  • 언니 (un-ni) — older sister, utilized by females

Honorifics are apparent verbal markers of respect, and so forgetting to say them is usually a large fake pas to sure people. Their absences are very simply observed since they need to instantly observe the identify of the individual you’re referring to.

As a facet observe, talking particularly for the generic honorific 씨, you’ll need to connect it after the total identify or first identify of somebody. Including 씨 to simply the final identify might be seen as disrespectful. So for those who’re talking with mister 김주원, you’ll say 김주원 씨 or 주원 씨, however not 김 씨.

Sensible immersion suggestions

Position-playing is usually a enjoyable solution to observe Korean formality and speech ranges. It’s greatest to do that with a associate, however even when it’s simply you, you may tackle the roles of various people and monologue.

Have enjoyable with it! Fake to be a stern Korean businessman speaking with a consumer, a highschool pupil chatting along with his or her junior, a restaurant waiter serving a buyer, and so forth. The probabilities are infinite!

Week 11 and Past: Put Your Korean Abilities to Work

You lastly made it so far. 10 weeks of exhausting work and research can now deliver you to the purpose by which you have to be taking what you’ve discovered and making use of it to actual life!

Speak with different Korean audio system

That is going to be essentially the most important technique of really working towards your abilities. Whether or not in-person or on-line, written textual content or verbal speech, discover somebody with whom you may converse Korean.

This can be a good time to try to impress any Korean mates you could have. What’s good about them is that they’re extra more likely to present trustworthy critique. Together with your friends, you’ll undoubtedly be extra snug along with your successes and failures in Korean communication.

Nevertheless, don’t underestimate the ability of talking with strangers. You could find language trade companions or boards that can host Korean audio system who can be comfortable to speak with you. The primary choice specifically is a superb selection, as you may supply your data in trade for theirs.

Errors are inevitable in your talking makes an attempt, so don’t shrink back from them. Actively search suggestions out of your dialog companions and steadily construct each your confidence and abilities.

Eat Korean content material

Likelihood is, one motive you’re drawn to the language is that you just’re not less than barely all for Korean media. I personally have misplaced depend of what number of of my mates determined to select up Korean as a consequence of their avid love of Okay-pop music.

Whether or not it’s motion pictures, books, TV reveals or music movies, Korean media is a wonderful useful resource so that you can check your Korean data in a enjoyable, relaxed method.

One other nice choice for that is FluentU. It’s a language studying program based mostly on genuine Korean content material and lively studying instruments akin to interactive subtitles, transcripts, customized quizzes and extra.

Be sure that to search content material that’s acceptable to your degree. Meaning you might have to work with content material designated for youthful audiences, akin to Korean children’ cartoons. After all, be open-minded along with your choices! You’d be shocked how informative even elementary-level materials might be.

Additionally, strive your greatest to not rely an excessive amount of on language aids, akin to English subtitles. Whereas these might be useful at first, you actually need to rely by yourself data to grasp the content material. Be sure that to make use of them solely when you actually need them! 

Go to Korea! Or Korean-language institutions

Naturally, touring to Korea might be the last word alternative to observe your abilities. Throughout the nation, you’ll be utterly immersed within the language and basically be pressured to work together whereas utilizing your Korean.

After all, there are additionally the massive optimistic features that come from indulging within the intriguing tradition and way of life of Korea.

Nevertheless, journey isn’t at all times possible. So for those who’re not in a position to hop on the following aircraft to Seoul, then you may nonetheless try your personal neighborhood for Korean-language institutions.

These embrace Korean eating places, supermarkets, buying districts and even group facilities. You may learn labels in Korean or chat with Korean store house owners whereas exploring these areas.

Talking of Korean group facilities, it’s additionally attainable that they could host particular Korean occasions and festivals in your locale. It’s best to actually test them out and mingle with the group, soaking within the sights and sounds.

Develop your abilities additional with a Korean language course or instructor

I’m sure that at this level, you’re in all probability fairly eager on deepening your data of the Korean language.

In any case, 11 weeks is a reasonably spectacular period of time, and with out constant observe, you’re susceptible to dropping all the valuable abilities you’ve gained.

Collaborating in a Korean language course or getting taught by a Korean instructor is usually a improbable method to enhance your Korean language capabilities. With a devoted teacher, you may obtain extra customized consideration and in-depth observe with the core ideas.

After all, this selection will typically require a price, often depending on how lengthy you want to be taught along with your teacher. However for those who’re like me and revel in having a curriculum, you may reap nice profit and success with having a transparent course construction.


You may get loads achieved in 11 weeks, probably reaching a degree of Korean that you just’ve by no means attained earlier than.

However bear in mind, the actual enchancment comes while you actively make the most of the fabric you be taught. Be an avid scholar and person of the language, and also you’ll be prepared to speak with and impress native audio system very quickly.

And do you have to ever really feel worn out at any level, then take a break and refresh earlier than diving again into your research.

Better of luck in your Korean journey!