Home French Language The passé composé with être: studying methods

The passé composé with être: studying methods

The passé composé with être: studying methods


As seen not too long ago, the passe compose can be utilized with the auxiliary être or avoir. It is without doubt one of the most used tenses in French. Right this moment will concentrate on studying the passe composé with être. Carry on studying to study 3 methods to recollect the verbs used with être.

the passe compose with etre

kind the passe compose tense?

As appear beforehand, the passe compose is a compound tense. That implies that it’s composed of two verbs: the auxiliary or the serving to verb that may be avoir or être and the previous participle of the verb. Most verbs are conjugated with the auxiliary avoir.

Let’s assessment methods to conjugate the irregular verb être within the current tense.

memorize verbs conjugated with être?

Typically, motion verbs and reflexive verbs are used with être within the passé composé. To make it simpler so that you can keep in mind the record of the movement verbs conjugated with the auxiliary être, there are 3 completely different methods you may implement. These methods work for the 14 or 17 verbs (truly it may be greater than that for those who consider their derivatives) usually used with the auxiliary être.

1. Technique 1 : Studying the verbs in pairs

Many of the verbs conjugated with être have opposites. Beneath is the record of those reverse verbs. All you might want to do is to study them by coronary heart.

  • Aller vs venir

  • Arriver vs Partir

  • Rester vs Partir

  • Enter vs Sortir

  • Monter vs Descendre

  • Naître vs Mourir

  • Passer Vs retourner

Nonetheless, you’ll not discover an reverse for the verb tomber. However a minimum of it’s the just one left so, it isn’t so tough to memorize.

It’s important to observe that the verbs listed above and in addition their derivatives are conjugated with the serving to verb être. Ex: venir, devenir, revenir/entrer, renter / ester /monter, remonter/passer, repasser, …

2. Technique 2: Dr. and Mrs. Vandertramp Mnemotechnic

You may have actually heard concerning the Dr and MRS VANDERTRAMP mnemotechnic. So, What do Dr. and Mrs. Vandertramp stand for?

That is one other manner of remembering the record of 17 verbs conjugated with être within the passe compose tense. Every letter of this studying assist represents a verb. For those who browse the online, you’ll discover that some are referring to DR and MRS Vandertramp, or DR MRS VANDERTRAMPP and others are speaking about DR. and MRS P. VANDERTRAMP. As for me, I’ll go for the final one which incorporates the primary 17 verbs used with être as you may see under.

  • V => Venir (to come back)

  • A => Arriver (to reach)

  • N => Naître (to be born)

  • D =>Descendre (to get down/go down)

  • E => Entrer (to enter)

  • R =>Retourner (to return)

  • T => Tomber (to fall down)

  • R => Rester (to remain)

  • A -> Aller (to go)

  • M => Mourir (to die)

  • P => Partir (to depart)

Here’s a image that summaries the DR MRS VANDERTRAMP mnemotechnic, with examples

Mnemotechnic DR and MRS Vandertamp _Learn French with chanty

3. Technique 3: the home of être or la maison d’être

That is the third mnemotechnic used to study the passe compose with être. It is a visible studying technique, consisting of visualizing the verbs as actions or conditions occurring in a home like the info of being born (Naître), dying (Mourir), going up (monter), taking place (descendre), staying (rester), …

A cup of French has an artificial infographic of los angeles maison d’être that you would be able to try for reference.

Be aware: among the verbs listed above may be used with the auxiliary avoir when they’re adopted with a direct object complement. Instance: J’ai monté les cartons. => I’ve put the containers up / Tu as sorti la poubelle? => Did you set out the trash?

Forming a unfavourable sentence within the passé composé

To get a unfavourable sentence, you need to use the negation phrase ne pas, ne plus … Nonetheless, not like current tense, the place the verb is situated between the 2 negation phrases (eg> Je ne vais pas en Espagne cet été), it’s the auxiliary verb that’s in between the negation phrases. Instance: Je NE suis PAs allée en Espagne cet été.

Ne turn out to be N’ in entrance of a vowel or a silent H. Elle n‘est pas allée à Paris.

The Passé composé and reflexive verbs

Reflexive verbs are additionally conjugated with the auxiliary être within the passe composé. In case you are searching for examples, Verbs like se lever, se laver, s’habiller which have the reflexive pronoun “se” earlier than the infinitive, are known as reflexive verbs or pronominal verbs.

Due to this fact, you need to conjugate them because it follows: Topic+Reflexive pronoun + Auxiliary etre in current tense + Previous participle.

For example, right here is methods to conjugate the verb se réveiller(to get up) in French.

  • Je me suis réveillé(e)

  • Tu t’es reveillé(e)

  • Il s’est réveillé

  • Elle s’est réveillée

  • Nous nous sommes réveillé (e)s

  • Vous vous êtes réveillé(e)s

  • Ils se sont réveillés

  • Elles se sont réveillées.

If ever you’re struggling to know the place to position the reflexive pronoun, keep in mind to maintain it subsequent to the private pronoun topic. Instance: Je me, tu te, il se, nous nous, vous vous, ils se.

Nonetheless, within the unfavourable kind, the reflexive pronoun comes proper after the negation phrase “ne” and earlier than the serving to verb être.

Eg.: je ne ME suis pas réveillée.

Forming the previous participle and its settlement

Many of the Vandertramp verbs finish with ER or IR. As a reminder, previous participles may be obtained by :

  • changing the ER endings of the infinitive verb with “é” (eg. monter=>monté)

  • changing the IR endings of the infinitive verb with “i” (eg. sortir => sorti, partir => parti).

Nonetheless, it is very important observe some irregular previous participles. as you may see under.

  • mourir => mort

  • naître =>

  • partir => parti

  • sortir => Sorti

  • venir => venu

Remember the fact that whenever you conjugate the passé composé with être, you need to make some changes to the previous participle relying on the gender of the topic.

  • For a female and singular topic, the previous participle would take an “e” on the finish.

  • For a masculine and singular topic, the previous participle stays unchanged.

  • For plural topics, the previous participle will take “s”. When coping with blended genders, like women and men, the dominant gender is the masculine. Even in case you have one man with a thousand girls, the masculine gender takes over the female.


Be aware: You’ll study later, at a better degree, that there are some exceptions to those settlement guidelines.

Observe on the Dr Mrs Vandertramp verbs

Here’s a follow train for consolidating your studying concerning the movement verbs used with the auxiliary être.

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