Home French Language The French GIGN – FrenchCrazy

The French GIGN – FrenchCrazy

The French GIGN – FrenchCrazy


The French GIGN, or Le Groupe d’Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale, is a French interventional fight unit tasked with particular operations inside France. The GIGN is a department of the French navy. It was fashioned in 1974 after onlookers skilled the tragic 1972 hostage scenario in Munich and numerous incidents throughout France. This prompted the necessity for a counterterrorism unit.

This text will discover the 40+ yr historical past, tools, and distinctive ways related to the French GIGN. 

Position of the GIGN

The interventional unit of the GIGN consists of a few hundred operators skilled in actions reminiscent of counterterrorism, diving, HALO leaping from plane, counter-sniper & long-distance taking pictures, close-quarters fight, reconnaissance, negotiation methods, K9 coaching, high-risk arrests, and VIP safety. The GIGN works with RAID, one other French fight unit, a department of the nationwide police.

Since its creation, the GIGN has taken half in over 1,800 operations and rescued over 600 hostages with areas inside France and the French abroad territories

A 20-man GIGN unit can reply to an incident inside half-hour. 

All GIGN operators prepare to shoot as much as 600 meters. However that’s not all. They’ve 60 elite snipers, a few of which can hit targets out to 1.5 kilometers.

GIGN brokers follow hand-to-hand fight methods and keep peak bodily situation by weightlifting, cardio, and vitamin. 

The GIGN makes a speciality of counteracting a number of very important areas:
– Airplane highjacking
– Boatjacking
– Nuclear threats
– Chemical or Organic assaults
– Hostage conditions

Pictured Above: French GIGN leaping at altitudes above 6,000 meters. 

Pictured Above: A French GIGN K9 unit with a Belgian Malinois. The GIGN selects canine and trains them for assaulting, explosive detection, and high-altitude jumps. 

Historical past of the French GIGN

In 1972, there was a scenario on the Olympics in Munich, Germany, the place Palestinian militants took Israeli coaches and staff members hostage.

The West German police on the time had been unprepared and dedicated quite a few errors. The sluggish response time of armored personnel carriers, lack of correct sniper rifles, poor communications, and poor ways failed. This resulted in 11 Israelis killed and one police officer being shot lifeless.

After the world watched in horror, they responded. The Germans created a particular police drive to deal with such incidents higher. The French additionally adopted go well with. Two months later, the French Gendarmerie proposed the creation of a commando unit destined to fight terroristic threats inside the larger Parisian area and the whole thing of France if wanted. By time March 1st, 1974, the French GIGN was formally operational. 

Some of the well-known missions occurred in 1994 when the GIGN rescued 229 passengers on a highjacked Air France aircraft in Marseilles. And extra up to date operations contain the GIGN rescuing hostages towards Somali pirates.

The GIGN operates inside and outdoors France, together with for VIP safety missions. A lot of their exploits stay categorized. Movies, video games, and works of fiction do some justice in elevating their identify. 

Weapons of the GIGN

The GIGN have leeway with deciding on their weapons and tailoring them to the duty. This can be a tough overview of the firearms utilized by the GIGN.

The Artic Warfare is a well-liked British-made bolt-action sniper rifle with worldwide acclaim. For long-range taking pictures, the GIGN makes use of it chambered in both 308, 308 sub., or 338 Lapua Magnum.

Different sniper rifles embrace the French-made Hécate II antimaterial rifle and the FR F2 sniper rifle, additionally utilized by the French navy.

Assault rifles embrace the HK416, HK G3, SIG 550, 551, 552 commando, and SIG 543 assault rifle derivatives. The GIGN has additionally used the FAMAS, however the French navy is transferring away from this weapon platform.

For close-quarters engagements, the GIGN wield riot shields and submachine weapons such because the HK MP5, HK UMP, or FN P90. Additionally they use quite a lot of shotguns, together with the Remington 870, SPAS 12, and Benelli M3. 

The GIGN has a historical past of utilizing revolvers such because the MR-73 and 357 Magnum. Nevertheless, extra up to date sidearms embrace the Glock 17, 19, and 26 and the Sig Sauer P226, P228, or P2022. Prior semi-automatic pistols included the FN 5.7, Baretta 92F, and Colt 1911. 


This abstract helps present extra perception into the coaching and expertise of this specific French counterterrorism drive. 

Please discover our French Army web page for extra about distinctive French fight models and navy historical past. You may also see the official French GIGN web site