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The 20 most typical verbs in French

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The 20 most typical verbs in French

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Assume you’ve obtained a deal with on the fundamentals of French? It’s time to take motion and type extra advanced sentences! Which implies you’ll must know some frequent French verbs. 

Relying on who you’re chatting with and the way properly you understand them, you’ll must conjugate verbs to match the context of your dialog. On this weblog, you’ll get a deal with on the fundamentals of French verbs within the current tense—together with conjugations for the highest 14 verbs on this checklist—and the commonest methods native audio system use them.

Most typical verbs in French

French English
ȇtre (auxiliary) To be
avoir (auxiliary) To have
faire To do, to make
aller To go
aimer To like, to love
penser To assume
trouver To seek out
regarder To look at
venir To return
suivre To comply with
prendre To take
devoir To must / Should
savoir To know
pouvoir To have the ability to / Can
parler To talk, to speak
croire To consider, to assume
vouloir To need
dire To say
voir To see
finir To complete, to finish

Irregular French verbs: avoir, aller, être, and faire

The most typical verbs in French are avoir (to have), aller (to go), être (to be), and faire (to do). These verbs are used all through the French language in colloquial phrases like faire la vaisselle (to clean the dishes) or allons-y (let’s go), idioms like être une poule mouillée (to be a coward), and within the case of être and avoir, as auxiliary verbs for conjugating sure tenses. 

  • faire la vaisselle = to clean the dishes
  • allons-y = let’s go
  • être une poule mouillée = to be a coward (literal translation: to be a moist rooster)

They’re additionally all irregular verbs, that means they every have their very own distinctive conjugations. 

Right here’s find out how to type avoir, aller, être, and faire within the current tense:

avoir / to have aller / to go être / to be faire / to do
Je
I
ai (j’ai) vais suis fais
Tu
You, casual
as vas es fais
Il, Elle
He, She
a va est fait
Nous
We
avons allons sommes faisons
Vous
You, formal or plural
avez allez êtes faites
Ils, Elles
They
ont vont sont font

Common French verb endings

Most French verbs might be conjugated based on a sample based mostly on the verb’s ending. Verbs that comply with these conjugation patterns are known as common verbs. While you get extra comfy in French you’ll start to acknowledge these patterns. 

The context of a dialog may even dictate which phrases you’ll use. For casual conversations with a pal or a member of the family, you’ll use tu to say “you.” For extra formal conversations, like a enterprise assembly, the pronoun vous is the suitable option to confer with the opposite individual. Vous can be the pronoun used for “you all” in each formal and casual conditions.

Teams in French are additionally gendered and require totally different pronouns. For teams of ladies the plural elles is acceptable, and for combined gender or teams of solely males, ils is the suitable pronoun to make use of.

Beneath, you’ll discover frequent common verb endings for -ER, -IR, and -RE verbs. 

-ER -IR -RE
Je
I
-e -is -s
Tu
You, casual
-es -is -s
Il, Elle
He, She
-e -it
Nous
We
-ons -issons -ons
Vous
You, formal or plural
-ez -issez -ez
Ils, Elles
They
-ent -issent -ent

Frequent -ER verbs in French

-ER verbs in French are a few of the best to conjugate. To conjugate them within the current tense, you’ll drop the -ER off the tip of the verb and substitute it with the ending matching the topic of the sentence. Except for aller, there are only a few irregular -ER verbs.

1. Aimer

One of many first verbs you’ll be taught in French is aimer (to love). Chances are you’ll already acknowledge this verb from the phrase je t’aime or “I like you.” Top-of-the-line (and most intuitive) methods to be taught a brand new language is by speaking in regards to the issues that you just like and dislike. 

While you begin with these primary sentences, you’ll get comfy with subject-verb settlement and begin to be taught vocabulary in regards to the issues that curiosity you!

Listed here are some examples of sentences that use aimer

  • J’aime le chocolat chaud. = I like sizzling chocolate
  • Elle aime chanter. = She likes to sing.
  • Ils aiment jouer aux jeux vidéo. = They wish to play video video games.
Je
I
aime
Tu
You, casual
aimes
Il, Elle
He, She
aime
Nous
We
aimons
Vous
You, formal or plural
aimez
Ils, Elles
They
aiment

2. Penser

Penser means “to assume.” There are three predominant ways in which you’ll use penser in a sentence. 

The primary is penser adopted by the infinitive type of one other verb.

  • Je pense pouvoir finir mon devoir. = I feel I can end my homework.

The second is penser adopted by que, which suggests “to assume that.”

  • Il pense que la glace au chocolat est la meilleure. = He thinks that chocolate ice cream is the most effective.

And the third is penser adopted by à, that means “to think about” or “to consider.”

  • Nous pensons au dîner. = We’re excited about dinner.
Je
I
pense
Tu
You, casual
penses
Il, Elle
He, She
pense
Nous
We
pensons
Vous
You, formal or plural
pensez
Ils, Elles
They
pensent

3. Trouver

Trouver means “to seek out.” When used with a reflexive pronoun, reminiscent of me (myself), trouver might be an alternative choice to “I feel.”

  • Vous trouvez votre clé. = You discovered your key.
  • Je me trouve plus vieille. = I feel that I look older. (literal translation: I discover myself older.)
Je
I
trouve
Tu
You, casual
trouves
Il, Elle
He, She
trouve
Nous
We
trouvons
Vous
You, formal or plural
trouvez
Ils, Elles
They
trouvent

4. Regarder

Regarder means “to observe.” It displays the extra energetic act of watching, whether or not that’s a TV present or a efficiency. Relying on the context, it’s possible you’ll need to use the extra passive verb voir (to see) as a substitute.

  • Je regarde la télé. = I’m watching television.
  • Ils regardent le match. = They’re watching the sport.
Je
I
regarde
Tu
You, casual
regardes
Il, Elle
He, She
regarde
Nous
We
regardons
Vous
You, formal or plural
regardez
Ils, Elles
They
regardent

Frequent -IR verbs in French

To conjugate -IR verbs within the current tense, you’ll drop off the ending of the verb and substitute it with the ending matching the topic of the sentence. Whereas the final two letters are the identical, -IR verbs are conjugated in a different way than -OIR verbs, that are irregular.

5. Venir

Venir means “to return.” There are two predominant methods you’ll use venir in a sentence.

The primary is venir by itself.

  • Ils viennent pour déjeuner. = They’re coming for lunch.

The second is venir adopted by de, which suggests “to return from.” You’ll use this to inform individuals the place you’re from!

  • Je viens des États-Unis. = I’m from the USA.
Je
I
viens
Tu
You, casual
viens
Il, Elle
He, She
vient
Nous
We
venons
Vous
You, formal or plural
venez
Ils, Elles
They
viennent

Frequent -RE verbs in French

To conjugate -RE verbs within the current tense, you’ll drop off the ending of the verb and substitute it with the ending matching the topic of the sentence. Nevertheless, there are many -RE verbs in French which can be irregular, together with être. Realizing which -RE verbs are common or irregular will turn out to be simpler as you apply.

6. Suivre

Suivre means “to comply with.” 

  • Cette route swimsuit la rivière. = This highway follows the river.
  • Les canetons suivent leur mère. = The ducklings are following their mom.

You’ll discover that the current tense of suivre for je and tu is spelled the identical as the current tense of être. Relying on the context of the sentence you’ll be capable of differentiate between the 2.

Je
I
suis
Tu
You, casual
suis
Il, Elle
He, She
swimsuit
Nous
We
suivons
Vous
You, formal or plural
suivez
Ils, Elles
They
suivent

7. Prendre

Prendre means “to take.” This verb is useful when describing strategies of transportation.

  • Je prends le metro. = I’m taking the subway.
  • Tu prends ton livre. = You’re taking your e-book.
Je
I
prends
Tu
You, casual
prends
Il, Elle
He, She
prend
Nous
We
prenons
Vous
You, formal or plural
prenez
Ils, Elles
They
prennent

Frequent -OIR verbs in French

There are numerous French verbs that finish in -OIR, and all of them are irregular! Verbs that finish in -OIR all have comparable conjugations, however since each -OIR verb is irregular there shall be small variations between them.

8. Devoir

Devoir means “to must.” Together with describing actions that you have to take, devoir will usually be utilized in instructions. It’s normally adopted by the infinitive type of one other verb.

  • Il doit travailler. = He has to work.
  • Tu dois finir ton repas. = You should end your meal.

Colloquially, le devoir means “homework.”

  • Je dois finir mes devoirs. = I’ve to complete my homework.
Je
I
dois
Tu
You, casual
dois
Il, Elle
He, She
doit
Nous
We
devons
Vous
You, formal or plural
devez
Ils, Elles
They
doivent

9. Savoir

Savoir means “to know”, however particularly to know details or find out how to do issues. It’s the sort of information that may be sure. Whereas connaître— the opposite French verb which means “to know”— refers to information with a way of familiarity, like  realizing somebody you’ve met personally or information of a sort of music.

A great way to recollect the distinction is to contemplate the commonly-used phrase savoir-faire or “know-how.” In English, savoir-faire refers to somebody having sensible “street-smarts”, a sure information of find out how to accomplish issues and do them accurately.

  • Je sais qui est le président. = I do know who the President is.
  • Je ne sais pas. = I don’t know. 
  • Mes sœurs savent où est le restaurant. = My sisters know the place the restaurant is.
Je
I
sais
Tu
You, casual
sais
Il, Elle
He, She
sait
Nous
We
savons
Vous
You, formal or plural
savez
Ils, Elles
They
savent

10. Pouvoir

Pouvoir means “to have the ability to.” Most frequently pouvoir is used to create sentences expressing issues which you can and cannot do.

  • Elle ne peut pas venir aujourd’hui. = She will be able to’t come immediately. 
  • Nous pouvons jouer avec vous. = We are able to play with you.
JeI peux, puis
TuYou, casual puex
Il, ElleHe, She puet
NousWe pouvons
VousYou, formal or plural pouvez
Ils, EllesThey peuvent

Transferring past the French current tense

Need to learn to conjugate much more verbs in different tenses? Take a look at our full information to French verb conjugation

You’ll be taught the ins and outs of standard and irregular verbs, the 4 predominant tenses in French, and learn the way to conjugate parler, croire, vouloir, dire, voir, and finir.

Able to say j’aime Français

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