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Spanish Possessive Adjectives: The Final Newbie’s Information

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Spanish Possessive Adjectives: The Final Newbie’s Information

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spanish possessive adjectives

Think about a world the place you couldn’t discuss what’s mine, yours, ours, or theirs. It will be exhausting, proper?

Because of this possessive adjectives are so essential, and it’s no completely different in Spanish!

Spanish has just a few extra types of possessive adjectives than English, so brush up on your Spanish pronouns and genders and we are able to get began!

Contents

What Are Possessive Adjectives?

Possessive adjectives, because the title suggests, are adjectives that are used to present who has possession of one thing.

The phrases “my,” “your,” “our,” “their,” and many others. are all English possessive adjectives that present who one thing belongs to:

The place are my keys?

Let’s go to their home.

Spanish possessive adjectives work equally, with just a few key variations in how they’re shaped.

Spanish Possessive Adjectives

Listed here are the completely different short-form Spanish possessive adjectives. Be aware that to make a singular adjective plural, you merely add s.

As you’ll be able to see within the desk, mi and tu as possessive adjectives don’t have accent marks. Should you add accent marks to those adjectives, you’d find yourself with completely different phrases: which implies “for me,” and which implies “you.”

Mi, tu and su don’t change for gender, so “his,” “her,” “their,” formal “your” and “its” are all the identical phrase in Spanish: su.

Additionally keep in mind that possessive adjectives are primarily based on the gender and the variety of the factor being owned, not the individuals who personal it. For instance: 

Nuestro teléfono Our phone

Vuestra casa Your home

If a possessive adjective is plural, it means a number of issues are owned, not that a number of individuals personal it.   

Listed here are some examples of how short-form possessive adjectives are used, maintaining in thoughts that they at all times come earlier than a noun:

Son mis libros — These are my books

Nuestro hijo es alto Our son is tall

Me gusta tu camisa — I like your shirt 

Lengthy-form Spanish Possessive Adjectives

Lengthy-form Spanish possessive adjectives are, for probably the most half, reserved for issues like older literature, poems, or songs.

Nobody actually makes use of this kind in on a regular basis speech these days. One exception would this sentence construction, much like “[relationship] of [possessive]” in English:

  • Un amigo mío vive aquí — A good friend of mine lives right here
  • Me encontré a un conocido tuyo — I bumped into an acquaintance of yours
  • ¡Madre mía! — Good heavens! (actually “Mom of mine!”)
  • Amigo mío, fue un placer verte — My expensive good friend (actually “good friend of mine”), it was a pleasure to fulfill you

In contrast to short-form possessive adjectives, long-form possessive adjectives are used after nouns. Additionally they modify primarily based on the gender and variety of the factor being possessed:


Notes on Spanish Possessive Adjectives

When to Keep away from Possessive Adjectives

The most typical errors made by English audio system with Spanish possessive adjectives truly contain utilizing them an excessive amount of!

Listed here are some conditions not to make use of possessive adjectives:

Me lavo las manos — I’m washing my arms (actually: I’m washing myself the arms)  

  • When speaking about physique elements. Don’t use possessive adjectives for those who’re speaking about elements of the physique. As an alternative, use the particular article.

Se rompió la pierna — She broke her leg (actually: she broke herself the leg)  

  • If it’s not adopted by a noun. On this case, you in all probability want a possessive pronoun as an alternative.

¡Todo lo que ves aquí es mío! — Every thing you see right here is mine

  • If possession is clear. If it’s clear what (or who) belongs to who, there’s no want for a possessive adjective. For instance, for those who’ve already talked about that one thing belongs to you, or it may well simply be assumed from the context.

Voy a ir al resort — I’m going to go to my resort (actually: I’m going to go to the resort) 

Repeating Possessive Adjectives

In Spanish you usually repeat the possessive adjectives when speaking about multiple object that’s ownedin distinction to in English, the place one possessive adjective is often sufficient.

Son mis lápices y mis cuadernos — They’re my pencils and my notebooks

The exception to that is if you’re utilizing two nouns to explain the identical precise factor.

Es mi amante y mejor amigo — He’s my lover and greatest good friend (speaking a couple of single superb one who fulfills these two features)

Possessive Adjectives vs. Possessive Pronouns

It may be fairly straightforward to get combined up between possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns in Spanish. 

The best option to bear in mind the distinction is to acknowledge that possessive adjectives describe nouns, whereas pronouns utterly change them. 

For instance:

Mi gato es negro — My cat is black

El gato negro es mío — The black cat is mine

Be aware that the primary sentence makes use of a possessive adjective (my cat) and the second sentence makes use of a possessive pronoun (the cat is mine). 

If you wish to know extra about possessive pronouns, take a look at this submit.

Exhibiting Possession in Different Methods

Though possessive adjectives are in all probability probably the most simple option to reveal possession, they don’t seem to be the one approach that you are able to do this. 

Exhibiting Possession with Possessive Pronouns

As we already touched on, we are able to use possessive pronouns to indicate possession.

Be aware that the possessive pronouns are the identical because the long-form possessive adjectives and have related meanings.

Possessive pronoun: Ese perro es mío That canine is mine 

Lengthy-form pronoun: Es un amigo nuestro He’s a good friend of ours 

Exhibiting Possession with De

One other approach we are able to categorical possession is with the preposition de, which implies “of,” however might be positioned after a noun to categorical possession.

This particularly is useful the place we’d often use su, as it may be tough to find out who precisely that phrase is speaking about.

Listed here are some examples:

Es el artículo de Roberta — It’s Roberta’s article

Es el artículo de ella — It’s her article

Es el artículo de ustedes — It’s your article 

If you wish to see how possessive adjectives are used, you’ll be able to attempt exposing your self to Spanish dialog or media to look at how natives incorporate this ingredient into their speech. 

FluentU is a superb useful resource for this as this system makes use of native video clips from films, TV reveals, and many others. to indicate you ways Spanish-speaking natives reveal possession. spanish possessive adjectives

You’ll even discover instruments like flashcards, interactive subtitles and flashcards to spice up your studying. This system is obtainable on each iOS and Android

Spanish Possessive Adjective Quiz

Now right here’s your probability to place the whole lot we’ve realized into follow! 

Fill within the daring sections with the right Spanish possessive adjective, based on who’s in possession and what they’re in possession of—i.e. the quantity (and in some instances, gender) of the item. 

1. ¿Quieres venir a my casa en la tarde? (Do you need to come to my home within the afternoon?)

2. Él ama mucho a his novio. (He loves his boyfriend loads.)

3. No es our problema. (It’s not our downside.)

4. Usted debe llamar a her jefe. (You must name her boss.)

5. ¿Qué pasó con your (casual) solicitud? (What occurred together with your utility?)

6. No entiendo your (formal) acciones. (I don’t perceive your actions.)

7. Extraño a our hijas. (I miss our daughters.)

8. ¿Has visto my lentes? (Have you ever seen my glasses?)

9. Confío en your palabras. (I belief your phrases.)

10. Me caen bien her amigos. (I like her mates.)

Solutions:

1. ¿Quieres venir a mi casa en la tarde? 
2. Él ama mucho a su novio.
3. No es nuestro problema. (Do not forget that problema is masculine!)
4. Usted debe llamar a su jefe.
5. ¿Qué pasó con tu solicitud? 
6. No entiendo sus acciones. 
7. Extraño a nuestras hijas. 
8. ¿Has visto mis lentes? 
9. Confío en tus palabras. 
10. Me caen bien sus amigos. 

 

And that’s it of us!

I’m guessing you are feeling possessive over just a few issues in your life as effectively; now you must have the vocabulary to say so!

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