Home Japanese Language Japanese Te Kind: The Full Information to Its Conjugations and 11 Usages

Japanese Te Kind: The Full Information to Its Conjugations and 11 Usages

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Japanese Te Kind: The Full Information to Its Conjugations and 11 Usages

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Should you’ve been studying Japanese for any size of time, you’ve most likely stumbled throughout the Japanese te type.

It’s a tiny however extraordinarily multifaceted phrase.

Principally, it’s a verb and adjective conjugation you need to use to politely make requests, hyperlink sentences collectively, say that an motion is occurring at present second (-ing) and extra.

On this weblog put up, you’ll be taught 11 usages of the Japanese te type and tips on how to appropriately conjugate it.

Contents

Easy methods to Conjugate the Japanese Te Kind

The て type takes the dictionary type of the Japanese verb and substitutes the ending る syllable with て. For example:

食べ (たべる) → 食べ (たべて)

(みる) → 見 (みて)

Easy, proper?

Nonetheless, not all dictionary varieties finish in る. Right here’s a breakdown of how different verbs convert to the て type:

Verbs ending in す have their remaining syllable changed with して:

わかりま → わかりまして

(はなす) → 話して (はなして)

Verbs ending in く have their remaining syllable finish in いて:

(かく) → 書いて (かいて)

(やく) → 焼いて (やいて)

Verbs ending in う, る or つ have their remaining syllable finish in って:

使 (つかう) → 使って (つかって)

(のる) → 乗って (のって)

(まつ) → 待って (まって)

Some variations of the て type will finish with んで or いで. Verbs ending in む, ぶ and ぬ have their remaining syllable changed with んで.

(よむ) → 読んで (よんで)

(あそぶ) → 遊んで (あそんで)

(しぬ) → 死んで (しんで)

(Word that 死ぬ is the one widespread fashionable Japanese verb that ends with ぬ, so that you received’t actually come throughout this final instance a lot, if in any respect.)

Verbs ending in ぐ have their remaining syllable changed with いで.

(およぐ) → 泳いで (およいで)

(かぐ) → 嗅いで (かいで)

Nonetheless with me? Nice!

It’s not that tough when you keep in mind which variations of the て type go together with which dictionary type endings. Thoughts you, there are nonetheless irregular verbs to take care of.

Happily, there are solely three:

する → して

来る (くる) → 来て (きて)

行く (いく) → 行って (いって)

Regardless of being labeled “irregular,” these are such widespread Japanese verbs that I doubt you’ll have hassle remembering them.

Easy methods to Use the Japanese Te Kind

Now that we’ve handily lined tips on how to categorical the て type of a Japanese verb, the subsequent factor to be taught is how and when to make use of it.

1. To ask somebody to do one thing

Probably the most recognizable utilization for starting college students is when somebody’s asking another person to do one thing, and it’s adopted by ください:

待ってください。
(まって ください。)
Please wait.

助けてください。
(たすけて ください。)
Please assist.

読んでください。
(よんで ください。)
Please learn.

You don’t at all times want to make use of ください on the finish when you’re being much less formal. Likewise, don’t mistake ください for the phrase “please” because it solely comes on the finish of sentences.

2. To hyperlink two phrases

When constructing a fancy sentence, you normally have to hyperlink two phrases. That is one other fashionable use for the て type.

One you’ve most likely heard on a Japanese TV present can be somebody asserting that they had been leaving, however with the intention of returning, as in “行ってきます!(いってきます!)” — “I’m leaving!”

Different examples can be:

本を買って家に帰る。
(ほんを かって いえに かえる。)
Purchase the e book and go residence.

地図を読んでそこに行く。
(ちずを よんで そこに いく。)
Learn the map and go there.

3. To ask permission to do one thing

That is one other utilization which may be acquainted to starting college students who’ve had publicity to conversational examples present in fashionable anime or dramas. It’s the way in which Japanese audio system might categorical a want or ask for permission.

これを食べてもいいですか?
(これを たべても いい ですか?)
Can I eat this?

この本を読んでもいいですか?
(この ほんを よんでも いい ですか?)
Could I learn this e book?

It’s not unusual to have the ですか portion dropped in casual Japanese if the which means is known contextually.

4. To say “even when…”

Generally, you’ll want to precise the idea that even when one factor occurs, one thing else received’t. Normally, the context is that the end result is the alternative of what’s anticipated. Right here’s the way you’d say that:

冗談を言っても、彼は笑いません。
(じょうだんを いっても、かれは わらいません。)
Even when you inform a joke, he received’t chuckle.

たくさん食べても、太りません。
(たくさん たべても、ふとりません。)
Even when I eat quite a bit, I received’t get fats.

5. To precise that one thing is forbidden

When attempting to state that one thing isn’t attainable or allowed, you’d pair the て type of the verb with は いけません or, if being extra informal, は いけない.

Saying that one thing “received’t go” in Japanese is just like the English phrase “that doesn’t fly,” indicating that one thing isn’t allowed or acceptable.

これを食べてはいけません。
(これを たべては いけません。)
Don’t eat this.

その本を読んではいけない。
(その ほんを よんでは いけない。)
Don’t learn that e book. (Informal)

6. To precise remorse

Positioned earlier than the phrase しまいました, the Japanese て type can categorical that one thing occurred that you just didn’t intend or have regrets about.

It’s associated to the widespread exclamation しまった! that you just may hear in some tv exhibits or motion pictures—usually translated as “Darn it!” in English.

Whereas you need to use て しまった in much less formal settings, the て しまいました utilization is extra acceptable for well mannered firm.

テレビを買ってしまいました。
(てれびを かって しまいました。)
I didn’t imply to purchase that TV.

鍵が壊れてしまった。
(かぎが こわれて しまった。)
The secret’s damaged. (Casual)

7. To say what you’re sorry for

Whenever you make an error or do one thing you remorse, you’d usually say すみません (Sorry!). If you wish to be particular about what it’s you’re apologizing for, you’d state that utilizing the て type.

鍵を壊してすみません。
(かぎを こわして すみません。)
I’m sorry I broke the important thing.

テレビを落としてすみません。
(てれびを おとして すみません。)
I’m sorry I dropped the tv.

8. To precise willingness to strive

By inserting みます after the て type, you possibly can say that you just’re keen to strive one thing.

Word that when utilizing this type of the verb 見る (みる) — to observe or see, you don’t write it out with the kanji. Solely use the hiragana.

これを食べてみます。
(これを たべて みます。)
I’ll attempt to eat this.

本を書いてみます。
(ほんを かいて みます。)
I intend to put in writing a e book.

9. To precise giving and receiving

In Japanese, there are two methods to precise the act of giving.

Whenever you’re giving one thing to another person or doing them a favor, you’d use あげる.

If one thing is being given to you, you’d use くれる.

君に本を買ってあげます。
(きみに ほんを かって あげます。)
I’ll purchase you a e book.

妹は私にプレゼントを買ってくれた。
(いもうとは わたしに ぷれぜんとを かって くれた。)
My sister purchased me a gift.

10. To explain one motion, then one other in consequence

Whenever you’re doing one factor after which doing one other, you possibly can join the sentences with the て type.

Generally, you insert から (after, since) in between when you really feel it must be specified, however you possibly can usually depart it out if the context is already clear.

先生を手伝ってから、家に帰りました。
(せんせいを てつだってから、いえに かえりました。)
After serving to the trainer, I got here residence.

林檎を買って、食べました。
(りんごを かって、たべました。)
I purchased an apple and ate it.

11. To precise an ongoing motion or a present state of being

To say that you just’re at present doing one thing, you possibly can join the て type with the verb います (to be).

That is the Japanese equal of the English ending -ing.

You utilize this when utilizing a transitive verb wherein somebody or one thing is doing the motion. The article of that motion is denoted by を:

妹はパンを焼いています。
(いもうとは ぱんを やいて います。)
My sister is baking bread.

兄が水をこぼしています。
(あにが みずを こぼして います。)
My brother is spilling water.

When utilizing an intransitive verb wherein the motion has occurred and is now merely expressing a state of being, you utilize the identical type however be sure that the topic is famous with the Japanese particle が:

パンが焼けています。
(ぱんが やけて います。)
The bread is baked.

水がこぼれています。
(みずが こぼれて います。)
The water is spilled.

 

Congratulations—now you can correcly use the Japanese te type in 11 distinctive methods!

Now, it’s time to get out and apply in the true world. Ebook a visit to Japan, chat together with your language associate or watch native Japanese media. You’ll discover a great deal of sentences that use the te type, particularly when you’re utilizing an immersion program like FluentU.

fluentu-logo

FluentU provides interactive subtitles to genuine Japanese movies. This allows you to see the te type in use, and click on on phrases you don’t know to see definitions, pronunciations and instance sentences.

Quickly, you’ll be utilizing the Japanese te type like a local!

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