Home French Language How the passé composé with avoir works + Follow workouts

How the passé composé with avoir works + Follow workouts

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How the passé composé with avoir works + Follow workouts

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After studying some fundamental tenses, it’s time to deepen your information of French grammar with the passé composé, one of the used previous tenses in French.

It may be used with the auxiliary avoir or être. Right now, you’ll be studying how the passé composé with avoir works. That is an A2 degree to B1 lesson.

Passé composé how it works past tense

What’s le passé composé?


Le passé composé is probably the most regularly used previous tense in French. It’s a compound tense that may be equal to the English easy previous or current good. It refers to previous actions or details that occurred up to now and are terminated in the meanwhile of talking.

Just like the imperfect tense, the passé composé tense is typically used with time indicators like those listed within the desk under.

La semaine dernière, la semaine passée

Le mois dernier, le mois passé

L’an passé, l’an dernier

How one can kind the passé composé?

The passé composé is a compound tense as its identify signifies. That signifies that you want two components to construct a sentence within the passé composé tense. You want a serving to verb known as the auxiliary conjugated within the current tense and the previous participle of the principle verb. The serving to verb might be avoir or être. Most verbs are conjugated with avoir and only some ones are used with l’auxiliaire être. If you wish to be taught extra about the passé composé with être, click on right here.

Instance :

  • Je suis allé au supermarché. => I went to the grocery store (suis = the serving to verb être conjugated in current tense, allé = the previous participle of the verb aller)

  • Tu as fait la vaisselle hier. => You washed the dishes yesterday. (as = the serving to verb avoir conjugated in current tense, fait = the previous participle of the verb faire)

When the sentence is within the unfavourable kind, understand that the negation phrases (ne pas, ne plus, ne jamais, …) must be across the auxiliary verb.

Instance :

Nous n’avons pas fait la fête le week-end passé. => We didnt’t social gathering final week-end.

How to form Passé composé

How one can discover the previous participles of the common ER, IR, or RE verbs?

Previous participles might be simple to guess in case you are coping with common verbs like these ending with ER, IR, or RE.


For verbs ending with ER, drop the ER ending and substitute it with “é.”
Instance

  • Parler => parlé

  • Regarder => regardé

For verbs ending with IR, substitute the IR ending with the letter “i”.

Instance

  • Finir => fini

  • Choisir => choisi

Common verbs ending with RE have their previous participle ending with the letter “u” after dropping the RE ending.

Instance

  • Attendre => attendu

  • Perdre => perdu

Discovering Previous participles of irregular verbs

As you already know, irregular verbs have irregular patterns. So, there is no such thing as a particular rule for studying them. My recommendation is to simply memorize them.

Listed here are the previous participles of generally used French verbs with the auxiliary avoir. A few of them can be used with être however in a unique context.

  • Être (to be) => été pronounced precisely the identical manner as the climate été(summer season)

  • Avoir (to have) => eu pronounced like the letter ‘u” in French

  • Dire (to say) => dit

  • Faire => fait

  • Ouvrir (to open) => ouvert

  • Offrir (to supply) => offert

  • Boire (to drink) => bu

  • Lire (to learn) => lu

  • Prendre (to take) => pris

  • Mettre (to place) => mis

  • Devoir (should) =>

  • Savoir (to know)=> su

  • Pouvoir (can)=> pu

  • Recevoir (to obtain) => reçu

  • Vouloir (to need) => voulu

  • Tenir (to carry) => tenu

Settlement of the previous participle


Generally, the previous participle stays unchanged with none adjustment or settlement except there’s a complement d’objet direct (COD) positioned earlier than the verb.

Instance:

  • J’ai mangé une mangue ce matin. => I ate a mango this morning. => No settlement.

  • La mangue que j’ai mangée n’était pas mûre. => The mango that I’ve eaten was not ripe. => On this case, we have to make the settlement with the complement of object COD “la mangue” which is positioned earlier than the verb.


Passé composé follow workouts


Listed here are two workouts you should utilize to follow the conjugation of Passé composé tense. The primary one is relative to the common verbs and the second to the irregular ones.

Exercice 1

Exercice 2

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