Home Spanish Language Hay in Spanish: The Full Information to What It Means and How one can Use it

Hay in Spanish: The Full Information to What It Means and How one can Use it

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Hay in Spanish: The Full Information to What It Means and How one can Use it

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cute-llama-peeking-over-fence

There’s a llama in my lounge.

There’s additionally a cat in my kitchen and a giraffe in my rest room.

My Spanish-speaking neighbor simply confirmed as much as complain in regards to the odd noises and smells, and I need to clarify the scenario. How would I inform him about my little menagerie in Spanish?

Effectively, right here’s a touch: you’ll want to make use of the verb hay.

However what does hay imply in Spanish?

On this weblog submit, you’ll learn to use hay in Spanish appropriately, the distinction between hay and estar, see instance sentences and far more.

Contents

The Which means and Use of the Spanish Hay

Hay Means “There Is”

We use hay to say that one thing or somebody exists in some place. In different phrases, hay means “there may be.”

For instance:

Hay una llama en mi salón. (There’s a llama in my lounge.)

Hay un gato en mi cocina. (There’s a cat in my kitchen.)

Hay una jirafa en mi baño. (There’s a giraffe in my rest room.)

Hay is the impersonal type of the verb haber (to be, to have). Because it’s impersonal, it doesn’t change, irrespective of the individual, gender or the quantity we’re utilizing within the sentence.

It may possibly produce other varieties in different tenses however by no means adjustments.

For instance:

Había una llama en mi salón. (There was a llama in my lounge. [imperfect])

Habrá un gato en mi cocina. (There can be a cat in my kitchen. [future simple])

Hubo unas jirafas en mi baño. (There have been some giraffes in my rest room. [preterite])

Hay Additionally Means “There Are”

However that’s not all!

Hay additionally means “there are” if we’re referring to multiples of one thing:

Hay unas llamas en mi salón. (There are some llamas in my lounge.)

Hay gatos en mi cocina. (There are [some] cats in my kitchen.)

Hay unas jirafas en mi cuarto de baño. (There are some giraffes in my rest room.)

Hay vs. Estar

Many learners get misplaced when first encountering hay as a result of they don’t perceive the distinction between haber and estar.

Once you studied the distinction between ser and estar, you realized that estar is used to say the place an individual or object is, like:

El niño está en el parque. (The child is within the park.)

Los juguetes están en la caja. (The toys are within the field.)

So, if hay is used to say that one thing or somebody exists, and estar is used to say the place an individual or object is, what’s the distinction?

Hay = An individual or object exists someplace

When utilizing hay, you’re simply stating that an individual or object exists someplace. However while you use estar, you find a particular individual or object.

Let’s take a look at two examples:

Hay un niño en el parque. (There’s a child within the park. [existence])

El niño está en el parque. (The child is within the park. [location])

The primary instance solely tells you a couple of child’s existence within the park. It’s an impersonal sentence—it has no topic.

The second instance tells you in regards to the location of the child, a particular child and it has a topic (the child).

When you nonetheless have issues remembering each constructions, that is what they seem like when damaged down into their parts:

Sentences with hay: hay + individual/object + (place [optional])

Sentences with estar: topic + estar + place

Let’s finish this part with one other couple of examples:

¿Hay zumo de naranja en la nevera? Sí hay. (Is there orange juice within the fridge? Sure, there may be.)

¿Dónde está el zumo de naranja? Está en la nevera. (The place’s the orange juice? It’s within the fridge.)

Phrases That Set off the Use of Hay in Spanish

Sure phrases offer you a touch that you must use hay in your sentence.

However understand that seeing these phrases doesn’t imply you’ll positively additionally see hay.

For every set off phrase or phrase under, I’ve added examples of after they result in using hay and after they don’t.

1. An indefinite article

The indefinite article is your greatest buddy when selecting between hay and estar.

It’s because you can not use hay with a particular article (like “the”), and you can not use estar with an indefinite article (like “a” or “an”).

Un, una, unos and unas (a/one, some) are the proper companions for hay, and also you’ll see them collectively fairly often:

Hay un perro en mi jardín. (There’s a canine in my backyard.)

En el parque hay una niña perdida. (There’s a misplaced lady within the park.)

Hay unas monedas en mi cartera. (There are some cash in my pockets.)

An instance of an indefinite article not triggering hay is:

Unos hombres están preguntando por ti. (Some males are asking for you)

Within the above sentence, unos hombres is the topic of the sentence. And for the reason that sentence has a topic, we will’t use hay!

2. A plural with out an article

There are occasions after we can use a plural type with out articles.

With out the article, we’re being extra basic and aren’t specifying the amount (it may very well be some, it may very well be one or it may very well be 500).

For instance:

Hay monedas en mi cartera. (There are cash in my pockets.)

En esa bolsa hay naranjas. (There are oranges in that bag.)

Hay libros en la estantería. (There are books on the shelf.)

Right here’s an instance of no article/plural not triggering hay:

Vinieron personas de todo el mundo. (Folks from all all over the world got here.)

The folks have an motion connected to them (they got here), so the sentence isn’t simply stating their existence.

3. Numbers

Simply as you possibly can say there’s a child within the park, you possibly can say there are 25 youngsters in a category.

Take a look:

Hay dos perros en mi cocina. (There are two canines in my kitchen.)

Hay cinco niños en el parque. (There are 5 youngsters within the park.)

Hay veinticinco alumnos en la clase. (There are 25 pupils within the class.)

Instance of numbers not triggering hay:

Tengo cinco perros y dos gatos. (I’ve 5 canines and two cats.)

4. Uncountable nouns

Uncountable nouns can’t be counted (what, did you anticipate one thing extra profound?).

Most uncountable nouns include powders, liquids and summary nouns like love, intelligence and peace.

Uncountable nouns love to look in sentences along with hay, and the next examples are proof of that:

Hay harina en el suelo. (There’s some flour on the ground.)

¿Hay agua en la nevera? (Is there water within the fridge?)

Hay arroz pero no hay azúcar. (There’s some rice however there isn’t any sugar.)

Instance of an uncountable noun not triggering hay:

Necesito harina y azúcar. (I want some flour and a few sugar.)

Do not forget that hay signifies the existence (or lack thereof) of one thing! This instance is expressing a necessity/need, as an alternative of mere existence.

5. Adjectives of amount

Amount adjectives set off hay most of the time.

They set off hay for a similar purpose numbers do: we’re speaking in regards to the variety of folks or objects that exist someplace.

The 4 primary amount adjectives are:

1. mucho/a/os/as(loads, many)

Hay mucha fruta en ese árbol. (There’s lots of fruit in that tree.)

No hay mucho café. (There isn’t lots of espresso.)

2. poco/a/os/as (few, little, somewhat)

Hay pocos niños en la clase. (There are few youngsters within the classroom.)

Hay poco dinero para comprar comida. (There’s little cash to purchase meals.)

3. bastante/s, suficiente/s (sufficient)

Hay bastante comida para dos personas. (There’s sufficient meals for 2 folks.)

Hay suficientes libros para todos. (There are sufficient books for everybody.)

4. demasiado/a/os/as (an excessive amount of)

Hay demasiada comida aquí. (There’s an excessive amount of meals right here.)

No hay demasiados bocadillos. (There aren’t too many sandwiches.)

Instance of amount adjectives not triggering hay:

Tenemos poco dinero pero mucho amor. (We have now little cash however lots of love.)

Can you determine by your self why this sentence doesn’t use hay? (Trace: The English translation begins with “we’ve,” not “there are/is”!)

 

Studying the way to use hay isn’t troublesome in case you keep in mind the distinction between haber and estar, and get to know the phrases that set off hay.

Do not forget that hay all the time seems in impersonal sentences, whereas estar wants a topic.

And now exit and cry aloud that Hay una llama en tu salón!” (There’s a llama in your lounge!).

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