Home French Language French Sentence Construction: Your Information to Making Your French Movement

French Sentence Construction: Your Information to Making Your French Movement

0
French Sentence Construction: Your Information to Making Your French Movement

[ad_1]

person-placing-a-piece-of-lego

You don’t start studying French by instantly constructing lengthy, complicated sentences. 

The truth is, you most likely don’t construct any sentences in any respect. You begin with phrases, phrases and grammar factors then slowly begin placing that each one collectively. 

When you grasp French sentence construction, will probably be a lot simpler to choose up on the remainder of the language.

To make issues simpler, I’ve created this information with every little thing you could find out about French sentence construction, from the best sentences to extra complicated kinds. 

Contents

Fundamental French Sentence Construction

Now we have to begin originally with fundamental French sentence construction.

Like English, a French sentence will most frequently be shaped with a topic, a verb and an object.

Not like different romance languages, French doesn’t drop the topic most often. 

Additionally understand that you will want to conjugate any verbs to match the topic, tense and temper.

So as to construct even the best French sentence, you will want two or three components.

Topic-Verb Sentences

If a sentence makes use of an intransitive verb (a verb that signifies being or movement), corresponding to aller  (to go), courir  (to run) or être  (to be) will probably be a Topic-Verb (SV) sentence:

Je suis.  I’m.

Je on this sentence is the topic, and suis is the intransitive verb.

Since intransitive verbs don’t have to take objects, the topic and verb is all that you just want.

This is likely one of the easiest French sentences you possibly can construct.

Topic-Verb-Object Sentences

If a sentence makes use of a transitive verb, will probably be a Topic-Verb-Object (SVO) sentence:

Tu as un chat. You’ve got a cat.

Tu on this sentence is the topic, as is the transitive verb and un chat is the item.

Do not forget that all nouns require an article in French, so regardless that this sentence has three elements, it truly has 4 phrases.

With these formulation, studying French sentence buildings might look like it’s a bit robotic. Should you’re trying to strike a steadiness between these sentence formulation and pure French speech, you could possibly strive a language studying program like FluentU.

FluentU makes use of genuine content material corresponding to music movies and film clips to immerse you within the language. Every video comes with interactive subtitles which can allow you to see the sentence construction in context and in addition hover over any phrases for definitions.

By seeing sentences in context, you’ll develop into extra assured in making use of the sentence construction to your individual spoken and written French.

FluentU is out there to entry in your browser or by downloading the iOS or Android app.

Sorts of Sentences

Statements

An announcement is essentially the most easy sort of sentence. It would merely provide you with info and can usually observe the SVO construction though a SV sentence will also be an announcement.

Listed below are some examples of French statements:

J’ai mangée une pomme. I ate an apple.

Tu vas venir avec nous à la fête. You’re going to return with us to the occasion.

Nous avons beaucoup de vin. Now we have a number of wine.

Instructions

To provide a command, you could use an crucial sentence, which might solely be used with tu , nous or vous

Tu and vous are used to offer fundamental instructions, whereas nous is inclusive and consists of the thought of “Let’s.”

The most important structural distinction between crucial sentences and common statements is that the topic could also be implied. 

In different phrases, you possibly can merely drop the topic and depart simply the conjugated verb:

Va ! — Go!

Allons-y ! — Let’s go!

Sois sage ! Be good!

Notice that the crucial type is the one sentence construction that permits the topic to be dropped.

Exclamations

Identical to in English, you possibly can add emphasis to any assertion by including an exclamation level. 

The distinction between “let’s go” and “let’s go!” is that the exclamation level provides a complete new sense of pleasure or urgency.

Je ne peux pas attendre ! I can’t wait!

Comme c’est mignon ! How cute!

Quel soulagement ! What a reduction!

Questions

A query is an interrogative assertion that’s used to request some sort of info. 

A query might elicit a sure/no response or be open-ended. 

Allez-vous venir ? — Are you coming?

Qu-est ce que c’est ? — What’s it?

Quand partons-nous ? — When are we leaving?

You’ll have seen within the examples above that there’s a slight distinction in the usage of punctuation in sentences in English and French.

French punctuation is used otherwise in sentences. When written, an area is required each earlier than and after sure punctuation marks, corresponding to two-part punctuation marks (e.g., colons, query marks, exclamation factors, and so on.):

Remark allez-vous ? (How are you?)

Bien, merci ! (Good, thanks!)

Damaging Sentences

So as to make any French sentence destructive, you could encompass a verb with two phrases. 

In entrance of the verb, you’ll at all times have ne , though that is usually omitted in spoken French. 

Following the verb you’ll have the phrase which signifies the kind of negation. 

A few of these buildings embody:

Ne… pas — Not

Ne… rien — Nothing

Ne… jamais — By no means

Ne… personne — No one

Ne… plus — Not anymore

Ne… aucun — None

Examples of those are:

Je ne suis pas contente. — I’m not completely satisfied.

Tu ne sais rien de ça ? — You don’t know something about that?

Elle ne boit jamais d’alcool. — She by no means drinks alcohol.

Il n’aime personne. — He doesn’t like anyone.

Nous n’allons plus à l’église. — We don’t go to church anymore.

Elles n’aiment aucun homme. — They don’t like several males.

Structuring Questions in French

There are three fundamental query kinds in French, every with its personal guidelines.

Inversion Questions

One of many best kinds of inquiries to ask in French is named an inversion query. It’s so named due to the best way during which the query is shaped: by inverting the topic and the verb of the sentence:

As-tu un chat ? Do you’ve got a cat?

The query type of the sentence places the verb earlier than the topic, with a hyphen to indicate that the 2 have been inverted. These questions can solely be answered by sure or no.

Query Tags in French

The fundamental query tag in French is Est-ce que.”  It marks the start of a sure/no query, a lot in the identical method that inversion does.

The distinction right here is that the sentence that follows will retain the essential French sentence construction.

Est-ce que tu veux venir ? — Do you need to come?

Qu’est-ce que is a variation on this query tag. By placing que or “what” originally, you possibly can ask a query requiring a extra elaborate reply.

Qu’est-ce que tu veux manger ? — What do you need to eat?

Query Phrases in French

If you wish to ask a fair wider number of questions, you need to use French query phrases alongside the est-ce que  construction.

French query phrases embody:

These phrases are merely tacked on to the start of an est-ce que query with a purpose to have the specified that means:

Qui est-ce que tu appelles ?  Who’re you calling?

Quand est-ce qu’on half ?  When are we leaving?

est-ce qu’on va ?  The place are we going?

Pourquoi est-ce que tu pleures ? — Why are you crying?

Remark est-ce que ça marche ?  How does it work?

Questions With Intonation

Typically you could hear somebody ask a query in French that doesn’t invert the construction, use a tag or a query phrase. 

So how have you learnt that it’s a query? It’s due to intonation

In spoken French, you can also make nearly any sentence a query just by elevating your voice somewhat bit on the finish of the sentence:

On va voir un movie ?  Ought to we go see a film?

Tu veux manger un truc ? Need to get one thing to eat?

This type of construction is suitable in informal, spoken French, however not in written or formal French.

If you wish to sound like a local, you’ll must be taught to choose up on these varied sentence buildings and incorporate them into your informal French.

Pronoun Placement in French Sentences

One of the troublesome French sentence construction concepts for French language learners to know is undoubtedly the place to place the pronouns.

The truth is that it’s truly fairly easy as soon as the distinction between a direct and oblique object.

A direct object is the item of a transitive verb, whereas an oblique object will not be. For instance:

I gave him the ball.

The ball is the direct object. You already know as a result of the sentence can’t exist with out it. Him is the oblique object. 

Now let’s take a look at this in French:

J’ai donné le ballon à Jacques. I gave Jacques the ball.

In French, if you could exchange these phrases with pronouns, the sentence can be written like this:

Je le lui ai donné. I gave it to him.

Object pronouns in French are preposed, so they seem earlier than the verb. Direct object pronouns corresponding to le  (it; him), la (it; her) and les (them) at all times seem earlier than the oblique object pronouns lui (to him; to her) and leur  (to them).

This rule can also be relevant for extra complicated pronoun sentences.

 

Sentence construction is an important a part of the French language, and with apply, you’ll quickly discover it simpler to type sentences and communicate the language with confidence. 

Bonne probability ! (Good luck!)

[ad_2]