Home ESL Teacher English Verb Conjugation: Tenses, Moods and Grammar Guidelines

English Verb Conjugation: Tenses, Moods and Grammar Guidelines

English Verb Conjugation: Tenses, Moods and Grammar Guidelines


english verb conjugation

Do you get nervous or confused whenever you hear the phrases English verb conjugation?

Studying the ropes of (the principle components of) English verb conjugation not solely helps you sound like a local speaker but additionally helps you specific vital info.

The key to conjugating verbs is to grasp the weather of individual, temper and tense.

If you do, English verb conjugation will probably be a no brainer (tremendous straightforward)!


Individual and Quantity

In English verb conjugation, individual implies that the verb modifications primarily based on subject-verb settlement.

Topic-verb settlement is when the topic should match the verb when it comes to quantity–each needs to be both singular or plural. If the topic is singular, you’d add “the particular buddy” -s to the verb. 

For instance:

The lady strolls down the road.

Stroll is the infinitive, or base kind. The lady  is singular, so that you add -s. Grammarians discuss with this as “inflection.”

There are exceptions, although, with pronouns:

Discover that for he / she / it, you’d add -s. However when the topic is I / we / they / you, the verb stays as is.

For instance:

I stroll down the road.

Individual in Foremost Verb Conjugation

Stroll is taken into account a “important verb.” Foremost verbs present a particular motion affecting the topic of the sentence and might stand alone with or with no serving to verb. Oftentimes, they’re known as “lexical verbs” since they convey the semantic which means within the sentence. 

For instance:

I skip to grandma’s home.

We all know that the visible and precise motion skip is completely different from stroll, and even run . Different important verbs embrace discuss , act , cease  and so forth. They specific the precise motion.

Conjugating important verbs means you’ll add an -s for subject-verb settlement when essential.

I / we / they skip to grandma’s home.

She / he / it skips to grandma’s home.

Individual in Auxiliary Verb Conjugation

Probably the most well-known auxiliary verb is to be. Whereas the to be verb (am , is , are , was , have been ) has much less which means than a important verb, it’s each tremendous frequent and irregular. We’ll get into irregular verbs in a minute.

To be verbs have much less which means in English as a result of they often “assist” the principle verb to kind a verb phrase.

The to be verb could be by itself or paired with a important verb as an auxiliary verb. Auxiliary verbs “assist” the principle verb specific the precise motion by expressing the individual, tense or temper.

For instance:

I am joyful that I’m studying English.

I am skipping to grandma’s home.

She is skipping to grandma’s home.

As with important verbs, the to be verb will need to have subject-verb settlement, and it expresses quantity and gender.


When conjugating English verbs, the tense exhibits when the motion takes place. In English, there are three important tenses: the current, previous and future.

Here’s a abstract of the main verb tenses in English:

Sort of Tense Verb Tense Instance The right way to Type
Easy Easy Current I work Foremost verb
Easy Previous I labored Foremost verb + previous participle (“-ed”) for normal verbs
Easy Future I’ll work “will” + important verb
Steady Current Steady I’m working to be verb + important verb + current participle (“-ing”)
Previous Steady I used to be working to be verb + current participle (“-ing”)
Future Steady I will probably be working “will probably be” + current participle (“-ing”)
Good Current Good I’ve labored “have”https://www.fluentu.com/”has” + previous participle (“-ed” for normal verbs)
Previous Good I had labored “had” + previous participle
Future Good I’ll have labored “can have” + previous participle

Easy Current

Current easy expresses one thing factual or true now.

I love chocolate.

She works at a language college.

It might additionally specific a behavior or one thing that occurs recurrently.

I run day-after-day.

I apply the piano on a regular basis.

Easy Previous

The previous easy verb conjugation expresses a completed or accomplished motion.

I walked dwelling yesterday from juggling apply.

The previous easy verb conjugation kind is the principle verb + previous participle (-ed) for normal verbs.

The previous easy can use the to be verb to point out how the topic feels about one thing.

I was proud to turn out to be the world’s quickest juggler.

Easy Future

The easy future tense expresses an motion that may occur sooner or later.

I will examine within the morning.

The straightforward future tense kind is will  + base kind (examine). It’s vital to notice that the easy future doesn’t change for subject-verb settlement or gender.

He / she / we / they will examine within the morning.

Current Steady

Current steady tense exhibits an motion that’s taking place proper now.

I am working to the shop.

The current steady verb conjugation kind is the to be verb (am ) + important verb (run ) + current participle (-ing). Or, it’s the verb + current participle.

The to be verb should additionally change for subject-verb settlement.

She is working to the circus.

The current steady may specific actions that may occur, that occur recurrently or that may occur quickly.

I am working as a juggler now.

I am going to satisfy him in an hour.

Previous Steady

The previous steady tense exhibits an extended motion up to now being interrupted by a shorter motion.

I was speaking on the cellphone when my brother arrived.

The previous steady verb conjugation is the to be verb + current participle (-ing).

Previous steady tense additionally expresses an motion in progress round a specific time.

I was working at 6 p.m. on Tuesday.

I was doing homework yesterday.

Future Steady

You can even present a future motion through the use of the current steady verb conjugation.

I am going to review within the morning.

We’re going to the films later.

Current Good

The current good poses a problem for English learners, not solely in which means but additionally when conjugating because of the difficult nature of irregular verbs.

The current good describes an motion that occurred up to now however remains to be vital now. Or, the motion occurred at an indefinite interval up to now.

I have studied English right here earlier than.

He has written to me a number of occasions.

The current good tense conjugation is fashioned with have / has  + previous participle (-ed for normal verbs). Irregular verb endings fluctuate (change).

Previous Good

The previous good tense expresses an motion that was accomplished earlier than one other motion up to now.

I had walked dwelling earlier than she advised me I couldn’t do it.

You kind this tense with had  + previous participle. The shape is similar no matter gender or subject-verb settlement.

Thomas was joyful that she / he / we / they had walked dwelling yesterday.

Future Good

The future good tense is used whenever you’re going to complete an motion earlier than some level sooner or later: 

By tomorrow night, I’ll have completed my take a look at.

To kind this tense, mix can have  + previous participle. You can even use the longer term good tense to say an motion will occur earlier than a particular occasion: 

My sister can have left already once I arrive, so we received’t have the ability to meet.

Irregular Verbs 

Verb conjugation turns into trickier with irregular verbs due to spelling and pronunciation modifications. For normal verb conjugation, you both add an -s or -ed ending to the principle verb relying on the individual or tense.

Irregular verbs look like they don’t have any rhyme or cause to their conjugations. English lecturers often advocate memorizing irregular verb kinds.



English verb conjugation exhibits the speaker’s temper or angle in the direction of a context or state of affairs. There are three important moods in English verb conjugation.


This temper expresses an opinion or reality.

She thinks that Mozart is the very best composer.

The shape, on this case, is the current easy tense, however the temper of the speaker exhibits an assertion or opinion.


This temper exhibits a hypothetical or imaginary state of affairs.

If I have been a millionaire, I would give up my job.


This temper provides a command, order or request. You should utilize any important verb in its base kind to precise the crucial temper.

Eat all of your greens.

Sit down subsequent to me.

Widespread Issues with English Verb Conjugation

If you happen to’re having issues with English verb conjugation, you’re not alone. Beneath are some frequent points that each one learners battle with and a few tricks to overcome them.

Utilizing Inconsistent Verb Varieties

If the story occurred up to now, keep up to now. If you happen to’re speaking about what’s taking place now, keep within the current. And, in case you’re speaking in regards to the future, solely use future tenses.

One option to overcome the issue of utilizing inconsistent verb kinds (or tenses) is to write or apply telling a narrative within the current or the previous. It helps to first write the story after which apply telling the story out loud with out your paper.

You can even take a look at Betty Azar’s “Fundamentals of English Grammar,” which affords interactive actions, each written and spoken, for training English verb tenses, in addition to different grammar factors. She’s not known as the queen of grammar for nothing!

Not Including the -s or -ed Participle Endings

Learners are likely to keep away from or miss the -s or -ed verb endings in each written and spoken English. It comes from being uncertain of methods to use them, leading to avoidance.

Training.com has some helpful worksheets that can assist you apply endings.

Utilizing Irregular Verb Varieties

To keep away from spelling and pronunciation errors, learners can hold a pocket book of irregular verb kinds or apply conjugating the verbs out loud.

For spelling apply, the web site Quizlet is useful. It enables you to create lists of vocabulary phrases after which apply spelling them.

Avoiding Conjugation

Oftentimes, learners depend on the current tense for each state of affairs. Or, they keep away from particular tenses, like the current good.

If you start studying English—or any language—the primary tense you be taught is the current. Altering to different tenses when wanted could be difficult at first, so the tendency is to depend on the tense you are feeling comfy utilizing.

However, whenever you keep away from conjugation, your actual which means is misplaced and you could confuse the listener. Attempt training conjugation with on-line video games that can assist you conjugate with out worry.

Enjoyable Actions to Apply English Verb Conjugation

On the subject of mastering English verb conjugation, you don’t have to put in writing the conjugations again and again. For some enjoyable actions, attempt the next:

You can even use FluentU’s genuine movies to apply verb conjugation in context. Use the interactive subtitles to see the definition of any phrase in a video, together with instance sentences from different movies. Actively apply your conjugations with quizzes, talking questions and flashcards.

Sources: On-line English Verb Conjugators

For many who need to verify their English verb conjugation, you’re going to like verb conjugators. You kind within the verb (in any kind), and the remaining is finished for you. Listed here are a few of my favorites:

  • Reverso Conjugator conjugates the verb into all of the English tenses. Plus, the conjugator exhibits you the infinitive, or base kind, of the verb and the participle. One other bonus is that there’s a hyperlink to lists of the most typical verbs in English.
  • Cooljugator exhibits the verb conjugated in numerous tenses, however it additionally explains what the verb means in numerous languages. Additionally, the structure of the conjugator lets you see how the conjugation modifications for subject-verb settlement.
  • Verbix is a conjugator with a number of further options. You may conjugate the verb, translate after which conjugate and even study verb cognates. Verb cognates are phrases with comparable origins (kind and which means) in numerous languages.
  • The-conjugation.com affords verb conjugation in numerous tenses as nicely. You can even translate the verb into different languages and study irregular English verbs.

Now that you just’ve discovered among the fundamentals of conjugation, and have some nice assets and exercise concepts, I believe you’re absolutely ready to conjugate higher than ever.

Don’t overthink it.

Simply begin doing it!