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Asking for and giving instructions in French: important phrases

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Asking for and giving instructions in French: important phrases

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Asking for instructions is one thing regular, as anybody has been misplaced as soon as or may be once more. In case you are in a French-speaking context, it is going to be value figuring out phrases like “où est/the place is” or primary phrases like excusez- moi (excuse me), s’il vous plaît (please), or c’est (it’s).

On this lesson, you’re going to be taught phrases and expressions used to ask for instructions and the way to reply to them. You’ll begin by studying some key phrases and phrases like names of locations within the metropolis, compass instructions, helpful verbs, and a few prepositions of place. Carry on studying until the top, to have the ability to observe what you’ve got discovered.


How to ask for directions in French

French Phrases for the names of locations on the town


To have the ability to discover your means, you will need to just be sure you know the names of locations within the metropolis. A spot in French may be translated as un endroit, or un lieu. Listed here are just a few of the widespread must-know locations on the town.

  • L’aéroport: airport

  • L’arrêt de bus: bus cease

  • La banque: financial institution

  • La bibliothèque: library

  • La boulangerie: bakery

  • La boutique / le magasin : store

  • Le café: café

  • Le commissariat de police: police station

  • L’école: college

  • L’église: church

  • La gare: station (bus station or prepare station)

  • L’hôpital: hospital

  • L’hôtel: resort

  • La mairie / l’hôtel de ville: the city corridor

  • Le marché: market

  • La mosquée: mosque

  • Le parc: park

  • La pharmacie: pharmacy

  • La poste: submit workplace

  • Le restaurant: restaurant

  • Le supermarché: grocery store

  • Le temple: temple

Helpful course verbs to know

The record of verbs beneath will probably be very helpful for understanding instructions. Most of them are motion verbs however not all of them are typically used with être within the passé composé tense.

French verbs for directions - les verbes de direction

The 4 cardinal factors in French

One other factor that’s important will probably be figuring out the way to inform instructions in response to the compass. So, what are the 4 cardinal factors in French?

  • l’est => east

  • l’ouest => west

  • le nord => north

  • le sud => south.

Keep in mind that we use the preposition à + particular article when telling instructions. So, you might use ”au” as an alternative of “à le”. Examples: C’est au nord de la France. / C’est au sud de l’Allemagne./C’est à l’est du Ghana. / C’est à l’ouest du Canada.

When a spot has a blended place, you should use a mix of the cardinal factors comparable to

  • le nord-ouest => North-west

  • le nord-est => North-south

  • le sud-est => South-east

  • le sud-ouest => South-west


Les 4 points cardinaux - 4 cardinal points in French -Compass directions

Prepositions of place used to provide instructions

Prepositions are very helpful whereas constructing sentences and particularly prepositions of place if you find yourself displaying somebody a course. Listed here are helpful prepositions that I strongly advocate you to be taught to have the ability to inform and perceive instructions.

  • devant => in entrance

  • derrière => behind

  • à coté de / près de => close to, subsequent to

  • loin de => removed from

  • en face de => dealing with, reverse

  • entre => in between

  • avant => earlier than

  • après => after

Frequent street names and site visitors phrases


Beneath is the record of widespread phrases associated to street and site visitors vocabulary.

  • L’autoroute => freeway, expressway

  • L’avenue => avenue

  • Le boulevard => boulevard

  • Le carrefour giratoire => roundabout

  • Le feu rouge => site visitors mild

  • Le pont => bridge

  • le rond-point=> roundabout, sq.

  • La route = street

  • La rue => avenue

  • Le panneau de signalisation => street sign

How one can ask for instructions in French?

The primary primary phrase to be taught is The place is (où est) or the place are (où sont). As soon as you recognize these, it turns into simple to ask on your means. You simply have so as to add the title of the place that you’re in search of.

Examples:

One other simple means is to make use of où se trouve/où se trouvent as an alternative of où est/où sont. The that means nonetheless stays the identical.

Examples :

There are different expressions to ask for course. The phrases in daring may be changed by every other place that you’re in search of.

Listed here are examples of those expressions.

  • Je voudrais aller au musée. c’est où? => I want to go to the museum. The place is it?

  • Remark je peux me rendre à l’aéroport? => How do I get to the airport?

  • Je voudrais aller au restaurant. Remark je peux m’y rendre? => I want to go to the restaurant. How can I get there?

  • Vous savez où se trouve le restaurant? => Are you aware the place is the restaurant?

  • Pour aller à l’église, c’est par où? => How do I’m going to the church?

  • Où est-ce que je peux trouver une pharmacie? => The place can I discover a pharmacy?

  • Où est l’hôpital le plus proche? => The place is the closest hospital? (Use la plus proche with a female noun; eg. la boulangerie la plus proche)

  • La banque, c’est loin d’ici? => Is the financial institution removed from right here?

  • Le marché est près d’ici? => Is the market near right here?

Usually, if you discuss to a stranger, it’s well mannered to say excusez-moi earlier than beginning your request, and finish it by s’il vous plaît. Instance: Excusez-moi, où se trouve l’arrêt de bus s’il vous plait? Excuse me, the place is the bus cease please?


How one can reply or perceive instructions?


Whenever you ask for instructions individuals could reply to you with typical phrases. The identical goes if you find yourself the one giving instructions and explanations.

Listed here are essentially the most commons phrases you must know.

  • À droite => on the proper or to the proper

  • À gauche => on the left or to the left

  • Tournez à gauche => flip left

  • Tournez à droite => flip proper

  • Tout droit => straight

  • Allez tout droit => go straight

  • Allez jusque +title place => go till you attain …

  • Continuez tout droit => proceed straight

  • Traversez la rue/le pont => Cross Road/ the bridge

  • Prenez la première rue à droite => Take the primary avenue on the proper

  • C’est la première à droite => It is the primary avenue on the proper

  • C’est la deuxième à gauche=> It is the second avenue on the left

  • C’est par ici => It is this fashion

  • C’est par là => it is that means

  • C’est à droite => It is on the proper

  • C’est à gauche => It is on the left

  • C’est à coté du supermarché => It is close to the grocery store

  • C’est au bout de la rue => It is on the finish of the road

  • C’est au coin de la rue => It is on the nook of the road

  • C’est la prochaine rue à gauche => It is the following avenue on the left

Notice that when asking and giving instructions, essentially the most generally used pronoun is “vous”. Nevertheless, in case you are speaking to somebody you’re acquainted with, utilizing ‘tu” could be extra applicable. If you wish to be taught extra in regards to the use of tu and vous, try this text.

How a lot did you find out about instructions in French? Apply train

Right here is an train for extra observe in your directional phrases.


If you wish to take your studying additional and be taught with stay native academics, Lingoda’s on-line courses may curiosity you. Their courses are reasonably priced, based mostly on a communicative strategy, and are structured in response to the requirements of the CEFR. You’ll be able to get pleasure from a free trial right here, which gives you entry to three group courses free of charge or one personal class. This can be a nice option to take a look at the platform by your self and see whether or not or not it’s the excellent studying technique for you.

In case you want enjoyable studying, our greatest advice could be Lingopie. Their subtitles and flashcard options make it simpler so that you can develop your vocabulary and listening expertise whereas having enjoyable watching your favourite film or TV present.

For extra content material associated to instructions

  • I like to recommend watching this humorous youtube video : it is nice for studying extra about instructions. It’s tailored from the well-known French film ” le gendarme et gendarmettes” (1982) with Louis de Funès by the Youtuber Physician French. Right here is the hyperlink.

  • If you wish to observe on cardinal factors, you may use this worksheet from the web site ISLCollective for many who are usually not members of the location.

les-points-cardinaux-europe_69104

.docx

Obtain DOCX • 1.02MB

I hope this was helpful. For those who like this submit, think about sharing it with different individuals who may be . Merci.

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