Home Grammar Adjective Utilization and Examples | Grammarly

Adjective Utilization and Examples | Grammarly

Adjective Utilization and Examples | Grammarly


Adjectives are phrases that describe the qualities or states of being of nouns: monumental, doglike, foolish, yellow, enjoyable, quick. They will additionally describe the amount of nouns: many, few, tens of millions, eleven.

Adjectives modify nouns

As you might already know, adjectives are phrases that modify (describe) nouns. Adjectives don’t modify verbs or adverbs or different adjectives.

Within the sentences above, the adjectives are straightforward to identify as a result of they arrive instantly earlier than the nouns they modify.

However adjectives can modify nouns even with out showing proper earlier than them in a sentence. Appearing as what’s referred to as a subjective complement with the assistance of a linking verb, a predicate adjective modifies the topic of a sentence. A linking verb is a verb like to be, to really feel, to appear, or to style that, quite than describing an motion, helps to explain a state of being or a sensory expertise.

Makes use of of adjectives

Adjectives inform the reader what sort of one thing you’re speaking about, or how a lot or what number of of one thing you’re speaking about.

Three and white are modifying flowers.

Typically, when adjectives are used collectively, it is best to separate them with a comma or conjunction. See “Coordinate adjectives” beneath for extra element.

Levels of adjectives

Adjectives are available in three types, often called levels: absolute, comparative, and superlative.

Absolute adjectives describe one thing in its personal proper.

Comparative adjectives, unsurprisingly, make a comparability between two or extra issues. For many one-syllable adjectives, the comparative is fashioned by including the suffix -er (or simply -r if the adjective already ends with an e). For 2-syllable adjectives, some use -er to type the comparative whereas others use the phrase extra. Normally, two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, –le, –ow, –ure, or –y will be made comparative by including -er (within the case of -y phrases, change y with –ier). For adjectives of three or extra syllables, add the phrase extra.

Superlative adjectives point out that one thing has the best diploma of the standard in query. One-syllable adjectives grow to be superlatives by including the suffix -est (or simply -st for adjectives that already finish in e). As with the comparative, some two-syllable adjectives use -est to type the superlative whereas others use the phrase most. Normally, two-syllable adjectives ending in -y change -y with -iest. Adjectives of three or extra syllables add the phrase most. If you use an article with a superlative adjective, it’ll virtually at all times be the particular article (the) quite than a or an. Utilizing a superlative inherently signifies that you’re speaking a couple of particular merchandise or gadgets.

Coordinate adjectives

Coordinate adjectives must be separated by a comma or the phrase and. Adjectives are stated to be coordinate in the event that they modify the identical noun in a sentence to the identical diploma.

Generally, when two adjectives seem subsequent to one another and modify the identical noun, the one nearer to the noun is so intently associated to the noun that they type a single semantic unit collectively, and that unit is what’s modified by the primary adjective. On this case, the adjectives aren’t coordinate and shouldn’t be separated by a comma.

In some circumstances, it’s fairly exhausting to inform whether or not two adjectives are coordinate or not. However there are a few methods you may take a look at them. Strive inserting the phrase and between the adjectives to see if the phrase nonetheless appears pure. Within the first sentence above, “this tattered and woolen sweater” doesn’t sound correct, since you actually aren’t speaking a couple of sweater that’s each tattered and woolen in the identical means. It’s a woolen sweater inherently, and it has grow to be tattered. Woolen sweater types a unit of that means that’s modified by tattered.

One other strategy to take a look at for coordinate adjectives is to strive switching the order of the adjectives and seeing if the phrase nonetheless works. Within the second sentence, you wouldn’t say “Nobody may open the silver previous locket.” You’ll be able to’t reverse the order of the adjectives as a result of silver locket is a unit that’s modified by previous.

Adjectives vs. adverbs

Many people discovered in class that adjectives modify nouns and that adverbs modify verbs. However as we’ve seen, adjectives don’t have to be proper subsequent to nouns to be able to modify them; they’ll accomplish that from after a linking verb in a sentence, as predicate adjectives. This results in a standard sort of mistake: utilizing an adverb when what you need is a predicate adjective. Right here’s an instance you’ve in all probability heard earlier than:

As a result of really feel is a verb, it could appear to name for an adverb quite than an adjective. However really feel isn’t simply any verb; it’s a linking verb. An adverb would describe how you carry out the motion of feeling—an adjective describes what you’re feeling. “I really feel badly” would imply that you’re unhealthy at feeling issues. If you happen to’re attempting to learn Braille by means of thick leather-based gloves, then it would make sense so that you can say “I really feel badly.” However when you’re attempting to say that you’re experiencing a detrimental emotion, “I really feel unhealthy” is the phrase you need.

It’s simpler to see this distinction with a unique linking verb. Think about the distinction between these two sentences:

“Max smells badly” implies that Max, the poor factor, has a weak sense of odor. “Max smells unhealthy” implies that Max stinks—poor us.

When nouns grow to be adjectives and adjectives grow to be nouns

Yet one more factor it is best to find out about adjectives is that, typically, a phrase that’s usually used as a noun can perform as an adjective, relying on its placement.

Information is a noun, however on this sentence, it’s being put to make use of as an adjective to switch canine.

It really works the opposite means too: Generally phrases which can be usually adjectives shift into use as nouns. Many occasions this occurs with adjectives used to indicate a gaggle of individuals, with the addition of the:

Within the above examples, the phrase individuals has been elided and the adjectives French, wealthy, and poor are functioning as nouns. This sort of shift occurs with other forms of adjective-noun pairs too, nevertheless, particularly when they’re generally used collectively:

In these sentences, the nouns examination and qualities have been elided.

Adjective utilization recommendation

We’ll finish with a couple of phrases about adjectives and elegance. It’s one factor to know learn how to use an adjective; it’s one other to know when utilizing one is a good suggestion. Good writing is exact and concise. Generally you want an adjective to convey precisely what you imply. It’s exhausting to explain a pink sports activities automotive with out the phrase pink. However typically, choosing the proper noun eliminates the necessity to tack on an adjective. Is it an enormous home, or is it a mansion? A big crowd or a throng? A mixed-breed canine or a mutt? A darkish evening or simply . . . evening? All the time goal to make each phrase depend in your writing. If you happen to want an adjective, use it. But when it’s not pulling its weight, delete it.

Adjective FAQs

What’s an adjective?

An adjective is a phrase that describes the traits, qualities, or variety of a noun.

What are examples of adjectives?

Descriptive phrases like lovely, clean, and heavy are all adjectives, as are numbers (“twelve eggs”).

What’s the distinction between adjectives and adverbs?

Adjectives modify nouns, whereas adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and different adverbs. For instance, within the phrase “very humorous film,” humorous is an adjective describing the noun film, and very is an adverb describing the adjective humorous.

Can adjectives modify adverbs?

Adjectives can modify solely nouns. Solely adverbs can modify different adverbs.