Home French Language A complete information to coordinating conjunctions in French

A complete information to coordinating conjunctions in French

A complete information to coordinating conjunctions in French


Conjunctions are invariable linking phrases that assist give extra sense to your sentences. There are two fundamental sorts of conjunctions in French: coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. In at this time’s lesson, our focus might be on the conjunctions of coordination like mais, où, et, donc, or ni automobile. You’ll get an inventory of the 7 coordinating conjunctions with examples and as standard, it is possible for you to to observe by way of an train.

Conjunctions of coordination Mais ou et donc or ni car

What are in actual fact conjunctions?

Conjunctions are connective phrases that hyperlink two phrases, concepts, or clauses collectively. They assist you give a greater construction to your sentence and due to this fact make it extra comprehensible. Studying these connective phrases is an effective way to enhance your fluency as it is possible for you to to make extra elaborated sentences.

Coordinating conjunctions as their title signifies assist in the coordination of parts within the sentence. There are only some of them and it is easy to maintain them in thoughts by studying this mnemotechnic sentence that works so nicely: “Mais où est donc Ornicar?”. Mais, ou, et, donc, or, ni, automobile are the 7 coordinating conjunctions referred to on this studying help. And this interprets as “however the place is then Ornicar?”

1. Mais =however

The French phrase mais is translated in English as however. It Expresses opposition.


  • J’aime le café mais sans sucre. => I like espresso however with out sugar.

  • Il veut gagner de l’argent mais il ne veut pas travailler. => He needs to earn cash however he would not wish to work.

2. Ou = or

The English translation of Ou is or. It’s used for different conditions, and for making selections.


Vital notice: don’t make confusion with the opposite French phrase which is an adverb referring to a spot. It takes an accent and customarily means the place.

3. Et = and

Et is used to hyperlink two elements of the sentence after we wish to categorical the addition. It’s nothing else than the English phrase “and”. “Et” is mostly situated simply earlier than the final component of an inventory.


Elle est jeune, intelligente et belle. => She is younger, clever and delightful.

4. Donc = so, due to this fact

Donc is the English equal of so or due to this fact. It’s used to specific the consequence.


  • Je suis fatiguée, donc je vais prendre un taxi pour rentrer chez moi. => I’m drained, then I’m going to take a taxi to go residence.

  • Alex est malade, donc il n’assistera pas à la réunion. => Alex is sick, he will not due to this fact attend the assembly.

5. Or =however, but

Do not combine the French Or, with the English phrase “Or”. They’re really false cognates which may mislead you.

The French conjonction Or helps make the transition from one concept to a different, or to attract a unfavourable conclusion.


Il nous a dit de venir tôt; or lui-même n’était pas prêt. => He instructed us to come back early, however he himself wasn’t prepared.

Be aware: It’s frequent to see a coma (virgule) after or however this isn’t obligatory.

As you additionally know French phrases can have a number of meanings. The French phrase “Or”, used as a noun may imply “gold” in English. So, you should all the time take into accounts the context as a way to discover the proper that means of “Or”.

6. Ni =neither … nor

Ni is used for expressing negation. It may be used alone however isn’t used that approach. The frequent strategy to place it in a sentence is with the negation phrase ne and the double negation ” ni …. ni” which interprets as Neither.. nor.


Elle n’aime ni le yoga, ni la danse. => She neither likes yoga nor dancing.

7. Automobile = as a result of

Automobile expresses the trigger, the explanation why one thing is going on or has occurred. Automobile will be changed by “parce que “ which additionally means as a result of.

This conjunction is to not be blended up with


  • Il ne vient pas à la fête automobile il n’a pas reçu d’invitation. => He’s not coming to the celebration as a result of he did not obtain an invite.

  • Il prend le bus automobile sa voiture est en panne. => He takes the bus as a result of his automobile is damaged down.

French coordinating conjunctions

8. Coordinating conjunction – observe train

Here’s a quiz to shortly put into observe what you may have realized about French coordinating conjunctions.

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