Home Japanese Language 5 Methods to Say “Comfortable Birthday” in Japanese Like a Native Speaker

5 Methods to Say “Comfortable Birthday” in Japanese Like a Native Speaker

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5 Methods to Say “Comfortable Birthday” in Japanese Like a Native Speaker

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happy birthday in Japanese

Put in your celebration hat and go want somebody a contented birthday—in Japanese!

When you’re fearful about how one can share your nicely needs, this publish has obtained you coated.

On this publish, you’ll be taught 5 methods to say “completely happy birthday” in Japanese, uncover a couple of extra essential phrases and phrases for birthday needs and be taught some cultural tidbits which might be a should for Japanese birthday celebrations!

Contents

Japanese: お誕生日おめでとうございます
(おたんじょうびおめでとうございます)

This phrase is probably the most well mannered technique to give somebody nicely needs on their birthday! It’s a type of keigo, 敬語(けいご)—well mannered speech, a cornerstone of talking the Japanese language.

It is a good possibility if you happen to don’t know the individual very nicely or if you wish to present them respect.

You might also discover the honorific prefix “o,” for the phrase otanjoubi (birthday). This is named  bikago 美化語(びかご)—Japanese elegant speech.

In different phrases, this phrase is as formal because it will get!

Instance:

Yamada-san, otanjoubi omedetou gosaimasu. Korekara mo Genki de ite kudasai. — Comfortable birthday, Mr. Yamada. Please proceed to remain wholesome.

Japanese: 山田さん、お誕生日おめでとうございます。これからも元気でいてください。
(やまださん、おたんじょうびおめでとうございます。これからもげんきでいてください。)

Japanese: お誕生日おめでとう
(おたんじょうびおめでとう)

When you’re a very good buddy or member of the family of the individual turning a 12 months older, it can save you your self a couple of syllables and depart off gozaimasu, and even the “o” in otanjoubi. This phrase implies a extra informal, acquainted vibe between the speaker and the listener.

Instance:

Otanjoubi omedetou. Paatii o tanoshimi kudasai. — Comfortable birthday. Get pleasure from your celebration.

Japanese: お誕生日おめでとう。パーティーをお楽しみください。
(おたんじょうびおめでとう。ぱーてぃーおたのしみください。)

3. Ota Ome — Comfortable Birthday (Abbreviated Slang)

Japanese: おたおめ 

You will have observed that the extra formal a phrase is, the longer it turns into as well mannered speech is added on to it. The reverse appears to be true, too! Shortening otanjoubi omedetou, you get the super-snappy ota ome. This model of “completely happy birthday” is slang that’s used solely in very informal settings, particularly on-line, and is mostly used extra by the youthful era.

Instance:

Ossu! Ota Ome! Nomi ni ikou. — Hey man! Comfortable birthday! Let’s exit for drinks.

Japanese: おっす!おたおめ! 飲みに行こう。
(おっす!おたおめ!のみにいこう。)

Japanese: 〇〇歳のお誕生日おめでとう。
(〇〇さいのおたんじょうびおめでとう。)

Is somebody celebrating an essential 12 months? Or perhaps you wish to be extra particular in your birthday needs. In that case, use this phrase, which lets you enter the precise age somebody is popping.

Notice that though you’re technically counting in ordinal numbers (first, second, third… birthdays), you employ the cardinal readings of Japanese numbers right here (issai, nisai, sansai… no otanjoubi).

Instance:

Jyuu hassai no o tanjoubi omedetou. Mou otona desu!— Comfortable 18th birthday. You’re an grownup now!

Japanese: 18歳のお誕生日おめでとう。もう大人です!
(じゅうはっさいのおたんじょうびおめでとう。もうおとなです!)

Japanese: ハッピーバースデー
(はっぴーばーすでー)

Given how loanwords are pretty widespread within the Japanese language, this one shouldn’t be a lot of a shock! You’ll be able to even combine and match and say, happii otanjoubi.

And, after all, the completely happy birthday track in Japanese is perhaps simpler to sing than you suppose!

Instance:

Happii Baasudee tu yuu! —Comfortable birthday to you!

Japanese: ハッピーバースデー トゥーユー!
(はっぴーばーすでーとぅーゆー!)

Should-know Birthday Vocabulary in Japanese

You now have 5 alternative ways to say “completely happy birthday” in Japanese below your belt.

Now, why don’t you choose up some further phrases? Listed below are some important phrases, phrases and sentences to know to maintain the celebrations going:

  • Tanjoubi Birthday

    Japanese: 誕生日 (たんじょうび)
  • Tanjoubi Keeki Birthday cake

    Japanese: 誕生日ケーキ (たんじょうびけーき)
  • Kanpai! Toasts!

    Japanese: 乾杯! (かんぱい!)
  • Nansai desu ka? How outdated are you?

    Japanese: 何歳ですか? (なんさいですか?)
  • Mada wakai desu ne or Heewaka sou desu ne You look younger on your age!

    Japanese: まだ若いですね。(まだわかいですね。)or へー若そうですね。 (へーわかそうですね。)
  • Omedetou gozaimasu Congratulations

    Japanese: おめでとうございます。
  • Yatta! Yay!

    Japanese: やった!
  • Sutekina tanjoubi o sugoshite kudasai Have an incredible birthday!

    Japanese: 素敵なお誕生日を過ごしてください!(すてきなたんじょうびをすごしてください!)

    For enjoyable, you may exchange the phrase sutekina—nice with another optimistic phrase that you can imagine! Simply be sure you observe the foundations for adjectives in Japanese.

  • Tsumawanai mono desu ga — Just a bit one thing for you

    Japanese: つまらないものですが

    It is a humble phrase to make use of when giving somebody a present. When your recipient thanks you, merely reply with tondemo gozaimasen (とんでもございません) —it’s nothing!

  • Haaai! 〇〇-san no tameno puresento desu! Right here you go! A gift for 〇〇-san!

    Japanese: は〜い!〇〇さんのためのプレゼントです!(は〜い!〇〇さんのためのぷれぜんとです!)

    The さん (san) suffix is used to indicate politeness and respect in the direction of an individual. You may also use ちゃん (chan) or 君 (くん, kun) for individuals you’re extra aware of. However for individuals you won’t know very nicely, I’d extremely advocate utilizing さん.

  • Otanjoubi no negai ga kanaimasu youni Right here’s to your birthday needs coming true!

    Japanese: お誕生日の願いが叶いますように!(おたんじょうびのねがいがかないますように!)
  • Otanjoubi no yotei wa arimasu ka?  — Do you may have any plans on your birthday?

    Japanese: お誕生日予定はありますか?(おたんじょうびのよていはありますか?)

    Trace, trace: It is a tremendous useful phrase for asking somebody out on a date!

You’ll be able to choose up much more Japanese birthday vocabulary by consuming genuine Japanese media. For instance, this cute and healthful clip from the anime “Mayo Chiki” will heat your coronary heart and educate you a couple of extra phrases you can use with your folks.

fluentu-logo

Yow will discover lots of extra genuine Japanese clips on the language studying program, FluentU. This website- and app-based program makes use of actual clips from native Japanese media to show the language in a pure approach.

The FluentU program makes it further straightforward to select up new vocabulary on birthdays and lots of different matters due to dual-language subtitles that embody a furigana possibility in case you want some extra assist.

You may also hover over or click on on any phrase within the subtitles to see an in-depth definition, learn or hear instance sentences and even view clips from different movies the place the phrase is used.

Add phrases to your flashcard lists to proceed finding out them whenever you’re able to overview by way of spaced-repetition-based multimedia workouts.

FluentU is accessible as a browser-based program in addition to an iOS and Android app.

How Birthdays Are Celebrated in Japan

Identical to in English, it may be a bit too simple to ask for somebody’s age on their birthday.

However you may undoubtedly ask about their birthday needs!

Due to customs like this, it’s extraordinarily essential you perceive primary cultural etiquette earlier than attending a Japanese celebration.

Don’t Contact Somebody Else’s Items

Right here’s a phrase of recommendation: don’t contact or open another person’s reward.

That’s a worldwide no-no!

There’s a Correct Option to Give Items

When you have a present to supply the birthday individual, you need to give it to them correctly.

In Japanese tradition, you need to all the time hand somebody a present with each fingers and a slight bow. Don’t be stunned if the individual rejects the reward a few times, both. That is only a approach of being humble and well mannered.

Identical to the way you gave the reward with each fingers and a bow, ultimately, your Japanese colleague or buddy will even obtain the reward with each fingers and a slight bow.

Birthdays Change as You Get Older

As a baby, your mother and father will throw a celebration for you. As you become older although, completely different individuals of significance in your life will begin to take cost.

For instance: in highschool, if a younger shounen 少年(しょうねん)(male) has a girlfriend, he’d be the one to take her out for her birthday.

And if you happen to’re single, your folks usually tend to take you out or throw a birthday bash to honor you.

Particular Birthdays in Japanese Tradition

In Japan, you’re thought-about an grownup whenever you flip 18.  (This was not too long ago lowered from 20!) It’s additionally the age you can begin to legally drink alcohol and are allowed to vote. So it solely is smart that somebody’s 18th birthday is trigger for an enormous celebration.

Your sixteenth birthday can be an enormous one, although. When an individual turns 16, the 5 cycles of the Chinese language zodiac are accomplished. The individual is then thought-about “reborn.”

The final birthdays to be hyper-aware about are the 77th  birthday, 88th and the 99th.

When somebody turns 77 in Japan, they’ve reached the “completely happy age.” The 88th birthday is the “rice age,” and the 99th birthday is taken into account the “white age.”

 

And there you may have it, your all-in-one information for celebrating birthdays in Japan and utilizing completely different, colourful expressions for saying “completely happy birthday” in Japanese!

So the subsequent time you go to Japan, or when your Japanese language change companion’s big day approaches, choose out of your new assortment of phrases properly.

And see your Japanese abilities (and cultural understanding) skyrocket!

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